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Lebanon Geography Profile

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LocationMiddle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria
Geographic coordinates33 50 N, 35 50 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Areatotal: 10,400 sq km

land: 10,230 sq km

water: 170 sq km
Area - comparativeabout one-third the size of Maryland
Land boundariestotal: 484 km

border countries (2): Israel 81 km, Syria 403 km
Coastline225 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
ClimateMediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; the Lebanon Mountains experience heavy winter snows
Terrainnarrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains
Elevation extremeshighest point: Qornet es Saouda 3,088 m

lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

mean elevation: 1,250 m
Natural resourceslimestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 63.3% (2018 est.)

arable land: 11.9% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 12.3% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 39.1% (2018 est.)

forest: 13.4% (2018 est.)

other: 23.3% (2018 est.)
Irrigated land1,040 sq km (2012)
Total renewable water resources4.503 billion cubic meters (2017 est.)
Natural hazardsearthquakes; dust storms, sandstorms
Geography - notesmallest country in continental Asia; Nahr el Litani is the only major river in Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 18, 2021

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