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Lebanon Demographics Profile 2018

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Population6,229,794 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.09% (male 768,282/female 732,773)
15-24 years: 16.42% (male 523,380/female 499,582)
25-54 years: 44.79% (male 1,412,114/female 1,378,464)
55-64 years: 7.91% (male 232,198/female 260,685)
65 years and over: 6.78% (male 183,995/female 238,321) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.3
youth dependency ratio: 35.3
elderly dependency ratio: 12
potential support ratio: 8.3 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 30.5 years
male: 29.9 years
female: 31.1 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-1.1% (2017 est.)
Birth rate14.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-20.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 88% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.57% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationBEIRUT (capital) 2.226 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.8 years
male: 76.5 years
female: 79.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.72 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate54.5% (2009)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS2,200 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<100 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 80.7% of population
rural: 80.7% of population
total: 80.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 19.3% of population
rural: 19.3% of population
total: 19.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Lebanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Lebanese
Ethnic groupsArab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
note: many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendants of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians
ReligionsMuslim 54% (27% Sunni, 27% Shia), Christian 40.5% (includes 21% Maronite Catholic, 8% Greek Orthodox, 5% Greek Catholic, 6.5% other Christian), Druze 5.6%, very small numbers of Jews, Baha'is, Buddhists, Hindus, and Mormons
note: 18 religious sects recognized (2012 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), French, English, Armenian
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.9%
male: 96%
female: 91.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2014)
Education expenditures2.6% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate15 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures6.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.38 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density3.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate32% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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