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Laos Demographics Profile

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Population
7,447,396 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 31.25% (male 1,177,297/female 1,149,727)
15-24 years: 20.6% (male 763,757/female 770,497)
25-54 years: 38.29% (male 1,407,823/female 1,443,774)
55-64 years: 5.73% (male 206,977/female 219,833)
65 years and over: 4.13% (male 139,665/female 168,046) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 56.8
youth dependency ratio: 50.1
elderly dependency ratio: 6.7
potential support ratio: 15 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 24 years
male: 23.7 years
female: 24.4 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.44% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
22.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
7.2 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 36.3% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
683,000 VIENTIANE (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 98.5 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 45.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 50.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 65.7 years
male: 63.6 years
female: 67.9 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.53 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
54.1% (2017)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.3% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
13,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 94.4% of population
rural: 76.8% of population
total: 82.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 5.6% of population
rural: 23.2% of population
total: 17.9% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 98% of population
rural: 66.3% of population
total: 77.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 2% of population
rural: 33.7% of population
total: 22.8% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
Nationality
noun: Lao(s) or Laotian(s)
adjective: Lao or Laotian
Ethnic groups
Lao 53.2%, Khmou 11%, Hmong 9.2%, Phouthay 3.4%, Tai 3.1%, Makong 2.5%, Katong 2.2%, Lue 2%, Akha 1.8%, other 11.6% (2015 est.)

note: the Laos Government officially recognizes 49 ethnic groups, but the total number of ethnic groups is estimated to be well over 200

Religions
Buddhist 64.7%, Christian 1.7%, none 31.4%, other/not stated 2.1% (2015 est.)
Languages
Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.7%
male: 90%
female: 79.4% (2015)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2019)
Education expenditures
2.9% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate
185 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
21.1% (2017)
Health expenditures
2.5% (2017)
Physicians density
0.49 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
1.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
5.3% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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