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Kuwait Geography Profile 2018

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LocationMiddle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Geographic coordinates29 30 N, 45 45 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Areatotal: 17,818 sq km
land: 17,818 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundariestotal: 475 km
border countries (2): Iraq 254 km, Saudi Arabia 221 km
Coastline499 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
Climatedry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Terrainflat to slightly undulating desert plain
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 108 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: 3.6 km W. of Al-Salmi Border Post 300 m
Natural resourcespetroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Land useagricultural land: 8.5%
arable land 0.6%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 7.6%
forest: 0.4%
other: 91.1% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land105 sq km (2012)
Population distributiondensest settlement is along the Persian Gulf, particularly in Kuwait City and on Bubiyan Island; significant population threads extend south and west along highways that radiate from the capital, particularly in the southern half of the country
Natural hazardssudden cloudbursts are common from October to April and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year but are most common between March and August
Environment - current issueslimited natural freshwater resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Geography - notestrategic location at head of Persian Gulf

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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