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Kenya Demographics Profile 2018

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Population47,615,739
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 40.02% (male 9,557,274/female 9,497,870)
15-24 years: 19.15% (male 4,552,448/female 4,567,894)
25-54 years: 33.91% (male 8,170,264/female 7,976,751)
55-64 years: 3.92% (male 856,092/female 1,009,075)
65 years and over: 3% (male 614,751/female 813,320) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 78.3
youth dependency ratio: 73.7
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6
potential support ratio: 21.7 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.7 years
male: 19.6 years
female: 19.9 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.69% (2017 est.)
Birth rate23.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 26.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 4.15% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationNAIROBI (capital) 3.915 million; Mombassa 1.104 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.3 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 37.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 41.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 32.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 64.3 years
male: 62.8 years
female: 65.8 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.98 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate66.3% (2015)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate5.4% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1.6 million (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths36,000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 81.6% of population
rural: 56.8% of population
total: 63.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 18.4% of population
rural: 43.2% of population
total: 36.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 31.2% of population
rural: 29.7% of population
total: 30.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 68.8% of population
rural: 70.3% of population
total: 69.9% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Kenyan(s)
adjective: Kenyan
Ethnic groupsKikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
ReligionsChristian 83% (Protestant 47.7%, Catholic 23.4%, other Christian 11.9%), Muslim 11.2%, Traditionalists 1.7%, other 1.6%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.2% (2009 est.)
Demographic profileKenya has experienced dramatic population growth since the mid-20th century as a result of its high birth rate and its declining mortality rate. More than 40% of Kenyans are under the age of 15 because of sustained high fertility, early marriage and childbearing, and an unmet need for family planning. Kenya’s persistent rapid population growth strains the labor market, social services, arable land, and natural resources. Although Kenya in 1967 was the first sub-Saharan country to launch a nationwide family planning program, progress in reducing the birth rate has largely stalled since the late 1990s, when the government decreased its support for family planning to focus on the HIV epidemic. Government commitment and international technical support spurred Kenyan contraceptive use, decreasing the fertility rate (children per woman) from about 8 in the late 1970s to less than 5 children twenty years later, but it has plateaued at just over 3 children today.
Kenya is a source of emigrants and a host country for refugees. In the 1960s and 1970s, Kenyans pursued higher education in the UK because of colonial ties, but as British immigration rules tightened, the US, the then Soviet Union, and Canada became attractive study destinations. Kenya’s stagnant economy and political problems during the 1980s and 1990s led to an outpouring of Kenyan students and professionals seeking permanent opportunities in the West and southern Africa. Nevertheless, Kenya’s relative stability since its independence in 1963 has attracted hundreds of thousands of refugees escaping violent conflicts in neighboring countries; Kenya shelters more than 300,000 Somali refugees as of April 2017.
LanguagesEnglish (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78%
male: 81.1%
female: 74.9% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2009)
Education expenditures5.3% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate510 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11% (2014)
Health expenditures5.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.2 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density1.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate7.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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