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Jan Mayen Geography Profile 2018

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LocationNorthern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the Norwegian Sea, northeast of Iceland
Geographic coordinates71 00 N, 8 00 W
Map referencesArctic Region
Areatotal: 377 sq km
land: 377 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline124.1 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climatearctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog
Terrainvolcanic island, partly covered by glaciers
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
highest point: Haakon VII Toppen on Beerenberg 2,277 m
note: Beerenberg volcano has numerous peaks; the highest point on the volcano rim is named Haakon VII Toppen, after Norway's first king following the reestablishment of Norwegian independence in 1905
Natural resourcesnone
Land useagricultural land: 0%
arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0%
other: 100% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsdominated by the volcano Beerenberg
volcanism: Beerenberg (2,227 m) is Norway's only active volcano; volcanic activity resumed in 1970; the most recent eruption occurred in 1985
Environment - current issuespollutants transported from southerly latitudes by winds, ocean currents, and rivers accumulate in the food chains of native animals
Geography - notebarren volcanic spoon-shaped island with some moss and grass flora; island consists of two parts: a larger northeast Nord-Jan (the spoon "bowl") and the smaller Sor-Jan (the "handle"), linked by a 2.5 km-wide isthmus (the "stem") with two large lakes, Sorlaguna (South Lagoon) and Nordlaguna (North Lagoon)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018