Flag of Jamaica

Jamaica Demographics Profile

Home > Factbook > Countries > Jamaica

Population
2,808,570 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 25.2% (male 360,199/female 347,436)
15-24 years: 17.95% (male 255,102/female 248,927)
25-54 years: 38.06% (male 518,583/female 550,410)
55-64 years: 9.63% (male 133,890/female 136,442)
65 years and over: 9.17% (male 121,969/female 135,612) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 48
youth dependency ratio: 34.6
elderly dependency ratio: 13.4
potential support ratio: 7.4 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 29.4 years
male: 28.6 years
female: 30.1 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.07% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
16.1 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-9.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 56.3% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.82% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
591,000 KINGSTON (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 98 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.2 years (2008 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 11.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.2 years
male: 73.4 years
female: 77.1 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.07 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
1.4% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
32,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
1,000 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 98.5% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.5% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 4% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 98.5% of population
rural: 99.5% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.5% of population
rural: 0.5% of population
total: 1% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Jamaican(s)
adjective: Jamaican
Ethnic groups
black 92.1%, mixed 6.1%, East Indian 0.8%, other 0.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2011 est.)
Religions
Protestant 64.8% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 12.0%, Pentecostal 11.0%, Other Church of God 9.2%, New Testament Church of God 7.2%, Baptist 6.7%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.5%, Anglican 2.8%, United Church 2.1%, Methodist 1.6%, Revived 1.4%, Brethren 0.9%, and Moravian 0.7%), Roman Catholic 2.2%, Jehovah's Witness 1.9%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 6.5%, none 21.3%, unspecified 2.3% (2011 est.)
Languages
English, English patois
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 88.7%
male: 84%
female: 93.1% (2015)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years
male: 11 years
female: 13 years (2015)
Education expenditures
5.4% of GDP (2018)
Maternal mortality rate
80 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
2.2% (2014)
Health expenditures
6% (2017)
Physicians density
1.31 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
1.7 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
24.7% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020