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Islamic Republic of Iran

جمهوری اسلامی ایران (Persian)
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
Motto: 
استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی
Esteqlāl, Āzādi, Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi
("Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic")
(de facto)[1]
Anthem: سرود ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Sorud-e Melli-ye Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
("National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran")
Location of Iran
Capital
and largest city
Tehran
35°41′N51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
Official languagesPersian
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
Religion
Demonym(s)
  • Iranian
  • Persian (historically)
Government
Ali Khamenei
Hassan Rouhani
Eshaq Jahangiri
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
Ebrahim Raisi
LegislatureIslamic Consultative Assembly
Establishment history
c. 678 BC
550 BC
247 BC
224 AD[4]
1501[5]
1736
1751
1796
15 December 1925
7 January 1978 – 11 February 1979
24 October 1979
28 July 1989
Area
• Total
1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi) (17th)
• Water (%)
7.07
Population
• 2019 estimate
83,183,741[6] (17th)
• Density
48/km2 (124.3/sq mi) (162nd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $1.007 trillion[7] (18th)
• Per capita
Decrease $11,963[7] (66th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $611 billion[7] (25th)
• Per capita
Increase $7,257[7] (95th)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 40.8[8]
medium
HDI (2018)Decrease 0.797[9]
high · 65th
CurrencyRial (ریال) (IRR)
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Date formatyyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Driving sideright
Calling code+98
ISO 3166 codeIR
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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