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Indonesia Demographics Profile 2018

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Population260,580,739 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.02% (male 33,205,805/female 31,994,844)
15-24 years: 16.99% (male 22,537,842/female 21,738,210)
25-54 years: 42.4% (male 56,493,414/female 53,980,979)
55-64 years: 8.58% (male 10,192,430/female 12,177,931)
65 years and over: 7.01% (male 7,954,795/female 10,304,489) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 49.2
youth dependency ratio: 41.6
elderly dependency ratio: 7.6
potential support ratio: 13.2 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 30.2 years
male: 29.6 years
female: 30.8 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.86% (2017 est.)
Birth rate16.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 55.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationJAKARTA (capital) 10.323 million; Surabaya 2.853 million; Bandung 2.544 million; Medan 2.204 million; Semarang 1.63 million; Makassar 1.489 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.8 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 22.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 26.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73 years
male: 70.4 years
female: 75.7 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.11 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate61.1% (2015)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS620,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths38,000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 94.2% of population
rural: 79.5% of population
total: 87.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5.8% of population
rural: 20.5% of population
total: 12.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 72.3% of population
rural: 47.5% of population
total: 60.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 27.7% of population
rural: 52.5% of population
total: 39.2% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Indonesian(s)
adjective: Indonesian
Ethnic groupsJavanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 87.2%, Protestant 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)
LanguagesBahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese)
note: more than 700 languages are used in Indonesia
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 97.2%
female: 93.6% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 4,026,285
percentage: 7%
note: data represent children ages 5-17 (2009 est.)
Education expenditures3.3% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate126 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight19.9% (2013)
Health expenditures2.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.2 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density0.9 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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