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Howland Island Geography Profile 2006

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Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia

Geographic coordinates

0 48 N, 176 38 W

Map references



total: 1.6 sq km
land: 1.6 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative

about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km


6.4 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun


low-lying, nearly level, sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef; depressed central area

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 3 m

Natural resources

guano (deposits worked until late 1800s), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife

Land use

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2001)

Irrigated land

0 sq km

Natural hazards

the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

Environment - current issues

no natural fresh water resources

Geography - note

almost totally covered with grasses, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; small area of trees in the center; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2006

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