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Honduras Demographics Profile 2019

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9,182,766 (July 2018 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years: 32.37% (male 1,518,526 /female 1,453,891)
15-24 years: 20.88% (male 977,899 /female 939,490)
25-54 years: 37.07% (male 1,724,257 /female 1,679,694)
55-64 years: 5.27% (male 229,066 /female 255,169)
65 years and over: 4.41% (male 174,771 /female 230,003) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 59.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 52.7 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 14.2 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 23.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 23 years
female: 23.7 years
Population growth rate
1.56% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
22 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
urban population: 57.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.75% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.403 million TEGUCIGALPA (capital), 876,000 San Pedro Sula (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
20.4 years (2011/12 est.)

note: median age a first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 16.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 18.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.4 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 71.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 69.6 years
female: 73 years
Total fertility rate
2.61 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73.2% (2011/12)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.3% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
23,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<1000 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 97.4% of population
rural: 83.8% of population
total: 91.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.6% of population
rural: 16.2% of population
total: 8.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 86.7% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 77.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 82.6% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 13.3% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 22.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 17.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

noun: Honduran(s)
adjective: Honduran
Ethnic groups
mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Roman Catholic 46%, Protestant 41%, atheist 1%, other 2%, none 9% (2014 est.)
Demographic profile

Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and has one of the world's highest murder rates. More than half of the population lives in poverty and per capita income is one of the lowest in the region. Poverty rates are higher among rural and indigenous people and in the south, west, and along the eastern border than in the north and central areas where most of Honduras' industries and infrastructure are concentrated. The increased productivity needed to break Honduras' persistent high poverty rate depends, in part, on further improvements in educational attainment. Although primary-school enrollment is near 100%, educational quality is poor, the drop-out rate and grade repetition remain high, and teacher and school accountability is low.

Honduras' population growth rate has slowed since the 1990s, but it remains high at nearly 2% annually because the birth rate averages approximately three children per woman and more among rural, indigenous, and poor women. Consequently, Honduras' young adult population - ages 15 to 29 - is projected to continue growing rapidly for the next three decades and then stabilize or slowly shrink. Population growth and limited job prospects outside of agriculture will continue to drive emigration. Remittances represent about a fifth of GDP.

Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 89%
female: 88.9% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 11 years (2014)
Education expenditures
6% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
65 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
7.1% (2012)
Health expenditures
7.6% (2015)
Physicians density
0.31 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
21.4% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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