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Holy See (Vatican City) Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSouthern Europe, an enclave of Rome (Italy)
Geographic coordinates41 54 N, 12 27 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 0.44 sq km
land: 0.44 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeabout 0.7 times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundariestotal: 3.4 km
border countries (1): Italy 3.4 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; mild, rainy winters (September to May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)
Terrainurban; low hill
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Saint Peter's Square 19 m
highest point: Vatican Gardens (Vatican Hill) 78 m
Natural resourcesnone
Land useagricultural land: 0%
arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0%
other: 100% (urban area) (2011 est.)
Natural hazardsoccasional earthquakes
Environment - current issuessome air pollution from the surrounding city of Rome
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution, Environmental Modification
Geography - notelandlocked; enclave in Rome, Italy; world's smallest state; beyond the territorial boundary of Vatican City, the Lateran Treaty of 1929 grants the Holy See extraterritorial authority over 23 sites in Rome and five outside of Rome, including the Pontifical Palace at Castel Gandolfo (the Pope's summer residence)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018