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Guyana Geography Profile 2018

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LocationNorthern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Geographic coordinates5 00 N, 59 00 W
Map referencesSouth America
Areatotal: 214,969 sq km
land: 196,849 sq km
water: 18,120 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Idaho
Land boundariestotal: 2,933 km
border countries (3): Brazil 1,308 km, Suriname 836 km, Venezuela 789 km
Coastline459 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January)
Terrainmostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 207 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Laberintos del Norte on Mount Roraima 2,775 m
Natural resourcesbauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Land useagricultural land: 8.4%
arable land 2.1%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 6.2%
forest: 77.4%
other: 14.2% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1,430 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation is heavily concentrated in the northeast in and around Georgetown, with noteable concentrations along the Berbice River to the east; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated
Natural hazardsflash flood threat during rainy seasons
Environment - current issueswater pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively; contains some of the largest unspoiled rainforests on the continent

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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