Flag of Guyana

Guyana Demographics Profile 2019

Home > Factbook > Countries > Guyana

740,685 (July 2018 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years: 25.38% (male 95,740 /female 92,282)
15-24 years: 21.55% (male 81,676 /female 77,942)
25-54 years: 38.52% (male 149,199 /female 136,129)
55-64 years: 8.15% (male 27,684 /female 32,678)
65 years and over: 6.39% (male 19,336 /female 28,019) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 53.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 45.8 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 7.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 13.3 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 26.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 26.3 years
female: 27 years
Population growth rate
0.48% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
15.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
urban population: 26.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.83% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
110,000 GEORGETOWN (capital) (2018)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
20.8 years (2009 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 29.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 33.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 25.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 68.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 65.9 years
female: 72.1 years
Total fertility rate
1.97 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
33.9% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
1.4% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
8,200 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<200 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 98.2% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 98.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.8% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 1.7% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 87.9% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 82% of population (2015 est.)
total: 83.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 12.1% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 18% of population (2015 est.)
total: 16.3% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Guyanese
Ethnic groups
East Indian 39.8%, African descent 29.3%, mixed 19.9%, Amerindian 10.5%, other 0.5% (includes Portuguese, Chinese, white) (2012 est.)
Protestant 34.8% (Pentecostal 22.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 5.4%, Anglican 5.2%, Methodist 1.4%), Hindu 24.8%, Roman Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 6.8%, Jehovah's Witness 1.3%, Rastafarian 0.5%, other Christian 20.8%, other 0.9%, none 3.1% (2012 est.)
Demographic profile

Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America and shares cultural and historical bonds with the Anglophone Caribbean. Guyana's two largest ethnic groups are the Afro-Guyanese (descendants of African slaves) and the Indo-Guyanese (descendants of Indian indentured laborers), which together comprise about three quarters of Guyana's population. Tensions periodically have boiled over between the two groups, which back ethnically based political parties and vote along ethnic lines. Poverty reduction has stagnated since the late 1990s. About one-third of the Guyanese population lives below the poverty line; indigenous people are disproportionately affected. Although Guyana's literacy rate is reported to be among the highest in the Western Hemisphere, the level of functional literacy is considerably lower, which has been attributed to poor education quality, teacher training, and infrastructure.

Guyana's emigration rate is among the highest in the world - more than 55% of its citizens reside abroad - and it is one of the largest recipients of remittances relative to GDP among Latin American and Caribbean counties. Although remittances are a vital source of income for most citizens, the pervasive emigration of skilled workers deprives Guyana of professionals in healthcare and other key sectors. More than 80% of Guyanese nationals with tertiary level educations have emigrated. Brain drain and the concentration of limited medical resources in Georgetown hamper Guyana's ability to meet the health needs of its predominantly rural population. Guyana has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the region and continues to rely on international support for its HIV treatment and prevention programs.

English (official), Guyanese Creole, Amerindian languages (including Caribbean and Arawak languages), Indian languages (including Caribbean Hindustani, a dialect of Hindi), Chinese (2014 est.)
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 88.5%
male: 87.2%
female: 89.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2012)
Education expenditures
6.3% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
667 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
8.2% (2014)
Health expenditures
4.5% (2015)
Physicians density
0.8 physicians/1,000 population (2018)
Hospital bed density
1.6 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
20.2% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

Demographics Comparison