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Guinea-Bissau Geography Profile 2018

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LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal
Geographic coordinates12 00 N, 15 00 W
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 36,125 sq km
land: 28,120 sq km
water: 8,005 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly less than three times the size of Connecticut
Land boundariestotal: 762 km
border countries (2): Guinea 421 km, Senegal 341 km
Coastline350 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Terrainmostly low-lying coastal plain with a deeply indented estuarine coastline rising to savanna in east; numerous off-shore islands including the Arquipelago Dos Bijagos consisting of 18 main islands and many small islets
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 70 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation in the eastern part of the country 300 m
Natural resourcesfish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum
Land useagricultural land: 44.8%
arable land 8.2%; permanent crops 6.9%; permanent pasture 29.7%
forest: 55.2%
other: 0% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land250 sq km (2012)
Population distributionapproximately one-fifth of the population lives in the capital city of Bissau along the Atlantic coast; the remainder is distributed among the eight other, mainly rural, regions
Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethis small country is swampy along its western coast and low-lying inland

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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