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Guinea-Bissau Demographics Profile 2018

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Population1,792,338 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 39.03% (male 349,256/female 350,327)
15-24 years: 20.18% (male 179,389/female 182,242)
25-54 years: 32.77% (male 292,736/female 294,526)
55-64 years: 4.57% (male 32,156/female 49,761)
65 years and over: 3.46% (male 22,574/female 39,371) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 80.4
youth dependency ratio: 75.2
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2
potential support ratio: 19.3 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 20.1 years
male: 19.7 years
female: 20.6 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.86% (2017 est.)
Birth rate32.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate13.9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 50.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.69% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationBISSAU (capital) 492,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.62 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 85.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 95.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 76 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 51 years
male: 48.9 years
female: 53.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate4.09 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate16% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate3.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS36,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 60.3% of population
total: 79.3% of population
urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 39.7% of population
total: 20.7% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 33.5% of population
rural: 8.5% of population
total: 20.8% of population
urban: 66.5% of population
rural: 91.5% of population
total: 79.2% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Bissau-Guinean(s)
adjective: Bissau-Guinean
Ethnic groupsFulani 28.5%, Balanta 22.5%, Mandinga 14.7%, Papel 9.1%, Manjaco 8.3%, Beafada 3.5%, Mancanha 3.1%, Bijago 2.1%, Felupe 1.7%, Mansoanca 1.4%, Balanta Mane 1%, other 1.8%, none 2.2% (2008 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 45.1%, Christian 22.1%, animist 14.9%, none 2%, unspecified 15.9% (2008 est.)
Demographic profileGuinea-Bissau’s young and growing population is sustained by high fertility; approximately 60% of the population is under the age of 25. Its large reproductive-age population and total fertility rate of more than 4 children per woman offsets the country’s high infant and maternal mortality rates. The latter is among the world’s highest because of the prevalence of early childbearing, a lack of birth spacing, the high percentage of births outside of health care facilities, and a shortage of medicines and supplies.
Guinea-Bissau’s history of political instability, a civil war, and several coups (the latest in 2012) have resulted in a fragile state with a weak economy, high unemployment, rampant corruption, widespread poverty, and thriving drug and child trafficking. With the country lacking educational infrastructure, school funding and materials, and qualified teachers, and with the cultural emphasis placed on religious education, parents frequently send boys to study in residential Koranic schools (daaras) in Senegal and The Gambia. They often are extremely deprived and are forced into street begging or agricultural work by marabouts (Muslim religious teachers), who enrich themselves at the expense of the children. Boys who leave their marabouts often end up on the streets of Dakar or other large Senegalese towns and are vulnerable to even worse abuse.
Some young men lacking in education and job prospects become involved in the flourishing international drug trade. Local drug use and associated violent crime are growing.
LanguagesCrioulo (lingua franca), Portuguese (official; largely used as a second or third language), Pular (a Fula language), Mandingo
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 59.9%
male: 71.8%
female: 48.3% (2015 est.)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 226,316
percentage: 57% (2010 est.)
Education expenditures2.2% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate549 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight17% (2014)
Health expenditures5.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate9.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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