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Guatemala Demographics Profile 2018

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Population15,460,732 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 34.5% (male 2,719,027/female 2,614,720)
15-24 years: 21.58% (male 1,677,634/female 1,658,941)
25-54 years: 34.12% (male 2,516,456/female 2,759,393)
55-64 years: 5.26% (male 384,967/female 428,198)
65 years and over: 4.54% (male 324,492/female 376,904) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 68.7
youth dependency ratio: 61.1
elderly dependency ratio: 7.6
potential support ratio: 13.1 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 22.1 years
male: 21.4 years
female: 22.8 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.75% (2017 est.)
Birth rate24.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate4.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 52.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.23% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationGUATEMALA CITY (capital) 2.918 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.2 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014/15 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 21.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 23.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.6 years
male: 70.6 years
female: 74.7 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.77 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate60.6% (2014/15)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS46,000
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,600 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.4% of population
rural: 86.8% of population
total: 92.8% of population
urban: 1.6% of population
rural: 13.2% of population
total: 7.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 77.5% of population
rural: 49.3% of population
total: 63.9% of population
urban: 22.5% of population
rural: 50.7% of population
total: 36.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Guatemalan(s)
adjective: Guatemalan
Ethnic groupsmestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 60.1%, Maya 39.3% (K'iche 11.3%, Q'eqchi 7.6%, Kaqchikel 7.4%, Mam 5.5%, other 7.5%), non-Maya, non-mestizo 0.15% (Xinca (indigenous, non-Maya), Garifuna (mixed West and Central African, Island Carib, and Arawak)), other 0.5% (2001 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs
Demographic profileGuatemala is a predominantly poor country that struggles in several areas of health and development, including infant, child, and maternal mortality, malnutrition, literacy, and contraceptive awareness and use. The country's large indigenous population is disproportionately affected. Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America and has the highest fertility rate in Latin America. It also has the highest population growth rate in Latin America, which is likely to continue because of its large reproductive-age population and high birth rate. Almost half of Guatemala's population is under age 19, making it the youngest population in Latin America. Guatemala's total fertility rate has slowly declined during the last few decades due in part to limited government-funded health programs. However, the birth rate is still more close to three children per woman and is markedly higher among its rural and indigenous populations.
Guatemalans have a history of emigrating legally and illegally to Mexico, the United States, and Canada because of a lack of economic opportunity, political instability, and natural disasters. Emigration, primarily to the United States, escalated during the 1960 to 1996 civil war and accelerated after a peace agreement was signed. Thousands of Guatemalans who fled to Mexico returned after the war, but labor migration to southern Mexico continues.
LanguagesSpanish (official) 68.9%, Maya languages 30.9% (K'iche 8.7%, Q'eqchi 7%, Mam 4.6%, Kaqchikel 4.3%, other 6.3%), other 0.3% (includes Xinca and Garifuna)
note: the 2003 Law of National Languages officially recognized 23 indigenous languages, including 21 Maya languages, Xinka, and Garifuna (2001 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.5%
male: 87.4%
female: 76.3% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2013)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 929,852
percentage: 21%
note: data represent children ages 5-17 (2006 est.)
Education expenditures3% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate88 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.6% (2015)
Health expenditures6.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.9 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.2% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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