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Grenada Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates12 07 N, 61 40 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 344 sq km
land: 344 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativetwice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline121 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Terrainvolcanic in origin with central mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Natural resourcestimber, tropical fruit
Land useagricultural land: 32.3%
arable land 8.8%; permanent crops 20.6%; permanent pasture 2.9%
forest: 50%
other: 17.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land20 sq km (2012)
Population distributionapproximately one-third of the population is found in the capital of St. George's; the island's population is concentrated along the coast
Natural hazardslies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
volcanism: Mount Saint Catherine (840 m) lies on the island of Grenada; Kick 'em Jenny, an active submarine volcano (seamount) on the Caribbean Sea floor, lies about 8 km north of the island of Grenada; these two volcanoes are at the southern end of the volcanic island arc of the Lesser Antilles that extends up to the Netherlands dependency of Saba in the north
Environment - current issuesdeforestation causing habitat destruction and species loss; coastal erosion and contamination; pollution and sedimentation; inadequate solid waste management
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018