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Ghana Geography Profile 2018

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LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Geographic coordinates8 00 N, 2 00 W
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 238,533 sq km
land: 227,533 sq km
water: 11,000 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Oregon
Land boundariestotal: 2,420 km
border countries (3): Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d'Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1,098 km
Coastline539 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climatetropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
Terrainmostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 190 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Afadjato 885 m
Natural resourcesgold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Land useagricultural land: 69.1%
arable land 20.7%; permanent crops 11.9%; permanent pasture 36.5%
forest: 21.2%
other: 9.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land340 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation is concentrated in the southern half of the country, with the highest concentrations being on or near the Atlantic coast
Natural hazardsdry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds from January to March; droughts
Environment - current issuesrecurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Geography - noteLake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake (manmade reservoir) by surface area (8,482 sq km; 3,275 sq mi); the lake was created following the completion of the Akosombo Dam in 1965, which holds back the White Volta and Black Volta Rivers

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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