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Georgia

საქართველო(Georgian)
Sakartvelo
Motto: 
ძალა ერთობაშია
Dzala Ertobashia
("Strength is in Unity")
Anthem: 
თავისუფლება
Tavisupleba
("Freedom")
Areas under Georgian control shown in dark green; areas claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green
Areas under Georgian control shown in dark green; areas claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green
Capital
and largest city
Tbilisi
41°43′N44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E / 41.717; 44.783
Official languagesGeorgian(nationwide)
Abkhazian(Abkhazian AR)[1][2]
Ethnic groups
(2014[a])
86.8% Georgians
6.2% Azerbaijanis
4.5% Armenians
0.7% Russians
2.1% other
Religion
(2014)
88.1% Christianity
—83.4% Georgian Orthodoxy
—5.7% Other Christian
10.7% Islam
1.2% Others/None[3]
Demonym(s)Georgian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Salome Zurabishvili
Archil Talakvadze
Giorgi Gakharia
LegislatureParliament
Establishment history
• Colchis and Iberia
13th c. BC – 580 AD
786–1008
1008
1463–1810

12 September 1801

26 May 1918
25 February 1921
• Independence fromthe Soviet Union
Declared
Finalized


9 April 1991
25 December 1991
24 August 1995
Area
• Total
69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) (119th)
Population
• 2020 estimate
3,716,858 [a][4]
4,012,104 [b] (131st)
• 2014 census
3,713,804 [a][5]
• Density
57.6/km2 (149.2/sq mi) (137th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$46.05 billion[a][6] (112th)
• Per capita
$12,409[a][6] (101st)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$17.83 billion[6] (118st)
• Per capita
$4,285[a][7] (107th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 36.4[8]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.786[9]
high · 70th
CurrencyGeorgian lari (₾) (GEL)
Time zoneUTC+4 (Georgia Time GET)
Driving sideright
Calling code+995
ISO 3166 codeGE
Internet TLD.ge.გე
Website
Gov.ge

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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