Gaza Strip Geography Profile 2018

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LocationMiddle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Israel
Geographic coordinates31 25 N, 34 20 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Areatotal: 360 sq km
land: 360 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundariestotal: 72 km
border countries (2): Egypt 13 km, Israel 59 km
Coastline40 km
Maritime claimssee entry for Israel
note: effective 3 January 2009, the Gaza maritime area is closed to all maritime traffic and is under blockade imposed by Israeli Navy until further notice
Climatetemperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers
Terrainflat to rolling, sand- and dune-covered coastal plain
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Awdah) 105 m
Natural resourcesarable land, natural gas
Irrigated land240 sq km; note - includes the West Bank (2012)
Population distributionpopulation concentrated in major cities, particularly Gaza City in the north
Natural hazardsdroughts
Environment - current issuesdesertification; salination of fresh water; sewage treatment; water-borne disease; soil degradation; depletion and contamination of underground water resources
Geography - notestrategic strip of land along Mideast-North African trade routes has experienced an incredibly turbulent history; the town of Gaza itself has been besieged countless times in its history; there are no Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip; the Gaza Strip settlements were evacuated in 2005 (2017)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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