Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.
Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2020See also: Total fertility rate map
World's second-largest population starts to shrink
Big News Network.com - 11/27/2021 10:41:00 AM
Indias total fertility rate has dropped below the replacement level for the first time according to data released by the National Family Health Survey N
India's population has started to decline, fertility rate below replacement level
Deccan Chronicle - 11/25/2021 8:24:00 AM
Latest findings in the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) released by the Union Health Ministry on November 24 indicates that India's population rate has started to decline. As per the survey, the average number of children per woman or the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) as it is known,
Fertility rate falls to below replacement level, signals population is stabilising
The Indian Express - 11/25/2021 1:50:00 AM
The data in NFHS 2019-21, the fifth in the survey series, shows the fertility rate at 1.6 per cent in urban areas and 2.1 in rural India.
Why Indians are having fewer babies and what it means for us
Mint - 12/3/2021 4:33:00 AM
Written by Vivek Kaul. Edited by Saikat Chatterjee. Produced by Nirmalya Dutta. Send in your feedback to email@example.com.
Not-so-young future as India's fertility rate dips, shows data
Business Standard - 11/25/2021 5:33:00 PM
With India’s fertility rate -- children per woman -- declining from 2.2 to two between 2015-16 and 2019-21, we could be seeing a demographic shift towards an ageing population. India’s fertility rate has fallen below the replacement level fertility of 2.
India's Fertility Rate Sees Decline, Indicates Towards Population Control
Onlymyhealth - 11/25/2021 7:19:00 AM
India was infamous for its large population which is very concerning considering the issues that arise with rising population. But not for long as the country sees a reduction in total fertility ...
Why Experts Consider J&K’s Low Fertility Rate A Success Story
Outlookindia - 11/26/2021 3:29:00 PM
released on Wednesday for phase-2 states along with all-India data says Jammu and Kashmir have the fourth-lowest total fertility rate (TFR) among men and women in the country. The lowest fertility ...