Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.
Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2020See also: Total fertility rate map
Total fertility rate
cia.gov - 2/11/2021 7:13:00 PM
The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is ...
European Countries By Population
WorldAtlas - 2/17/2021 9:00:00 PM
Russia is the most populated and Vatican City the least populated European country. Russia's European portion is home to 78% of its total population.
Demographic Impact of Coronavirus Pandemic: An Overview
Inter Press Service - 3/2/2021 10:52:00 AM
The demographic impact of the coronavirus pandemic has been enormous, with significant consequences on the levels and trends of the key components of demographic change: mortality, fertility and migra
European countries seeing public resistance to AstraZeneca vaccine – as it happened
The Guardian - 2/19/2021 1:07:00 AM
This blog is now closed. We’ve launched a new blog at the link below:
Why more men are suffering from infertility than ever before
New York Post - 2/20/2021 1:28:00 PM
In 2017, she sounded the alarm with a meta-analysis of 40,000 men that showed that sperm count fell a whopping 59 percent between 1973 and 2011. We are already seeing the effects. Worldwide fertility has dropped by 50 percent between 1960 and 2015.
US-China relations: squabble between ageing superpowers is not what the world needs
South China Morning Post on MSN.com - 2/24/2021 5:02:10 PM
One of the reasons for the deterioration of US-China relations is the exaggerated forecasts of China's economy. Government economists such as Justin Yifu Lin and David Daokui Li have predicted that China's per capita GDP will be half or even 70 per cent of the US',
A new book blames chemicals for growing problems in human reproduction
YAHOO!News - 2/25/2021 1:58:00 AM
A new book makes the case that sperm counts have been falling for decades — and a major reason is chemicals in the environment that disrupt the body's hormonal system. Why it matters: The ability to reproduce is fundamental to the viable future of any living thing.
Who wants a child amid such instability?
The Bangkok Post on MSN.com - 3/1/2021 12:05:49 AM
Who will shoulder extra financial burdens amid economic upheaval unless they have financial stability? Tax reduction for those who have legitimate children is nothing but a piecemeal effort because huge costs are required for child-raising.
Fix Family Poverty With Free Markets, For Once
Reason - 2/24/2021 6:00:00 PM
Giving parents money with no strings attached in order to reduce child poverty is an idea that has been tried before. The results are hardly ancient history. These policies became part of the federal government's scope as a way to support the children of mostly widowed mothers,
Africa: Demographic Impact of Coronavirus Pandemic - an Overview
AllAfrica.com - 3/2/2021 5:37:00 PM
The demographic impact of the coronavirus one year after being declared a pandemic on 11 March 2020 has been enormous. The picture that emerges is one of significant consequences on the levels and trends of the key components of demographic change: mortality,