Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.
Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2019See also: Total fertility rate map
UN News Centre - 5/9/2019 6:45:00 PM
In World Fertility Data 2008 ... data (see also age specific fertility rates). For civil registration systems, total fertility is obtained from country data reported by national statistical ...
Age-specific Fertility Rate
UN News Centre - 3/29/2019 12:10:00 PM
The age-specific fertility rate measures the ... intervals in different countries. In developing countries they typically take place every three to five years. In World Fertility Data 2008 direct ...
What China can teach the world about getting old and staying rich
NIKKEI - 10/21/2020 8:00:00 AM
Johnston is research associate, China Institute, SOAS, University of London. She is founder and managing director of New South Economics. Two hundred years ago the British demographer, economist and moral philosopher Thomas Malthus published a series of works on political economy and population.
Ask Chuck: Children are a blessing … and an investment
The Christian Post - 10/16/2020 1:46:00 PM
My daughter and son-in-law have decided they will not have children due to overpopulation and the cost. I don’t understand how they could make such a decision. Can you give me some good stats to share with them?
Suga's fertility push hailed, but not panacea for boosting birth rate
The Japan Times - 10/18/2020 5:08:00 AM
Couples welcome moves to bring treatment under national insurance, but urge against putting pressure on people to bear children.
Suga's pledge to boost fertility treatment won't reverse declining birth rate, say experts
Japan Today - 10/11/2020 9:31:00 PM
Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga's pledge to boost fertility treatment support has offered rays of hope to couples longing for babies, but experts say the policy will not be a panacea for reversing the nation's declining birth rate.
India to become most populous country with largest working-age population by 2100: Lancet
moneycontrol.com - 10/10/2020 6:49:00 PM
India would also have the largest population in the world followed by Nigeria ... By 2050, 151 countries were forecasted to have a total fertility rate (TFR) lower than the replacement level ...
US fertility rate falls to record low: What women should know about trend
YAHOO! - 1/10/2020 10:52:00 PM
US fertility rate falls to record low ... in the top 10 in an annual listing of the best countries for women released by U.S. News and World Report. While the U.S. ranked 16th in last year's ...
India to have highest working age population by 2100: Lancet
Mint - 10/10/2020 11:35:00 PM
By 2050, 151 countries are projected to have a total fertility rate (TFR)—the average number ... Calling a decline in total world population in the latter half of the century as potentially ...