Country Comparison > Railways

RankCountryRailways (km)
1United States293,564
2China131,000
3Russia87,157
4Canada77,932
5India68,525
6Argentina36,917
7Germany33,590
8Australia33,343
9Brazil29,850
10France29,640
11Japan27,311
12Ukraine21,733
13South Africa20,986
14Mexico20,825
15Italy20,182
16Poland19,231
17United Kingdom16,837
18Kazakhstan16,614
19Spain15,333
20Sweden14,127
21Turkey12,710
22Pakistan11,881
23Romania11,268
24Czech Republic9,408
25Iran8,484
26Cuba8,367
27Indonesia8,159
28Hungary8,049
29Korea, North7,435
30Chile7,282
31Sudan7,251
32Finland5,926
33Austria5,800
34Switzerland5,690
35Belarus5,528
36Saudi Arabia5,410
37Bulgaria5,114
38Turkmenistan5,113
39Egypt5,085
40Burma5,031
41Mozambique4,787
42Uzbekistan4,642
43Tanzania4,567
44Ireland4,301
45Norway4,200
46New Zealand4,128
47Thailand4,127
48Congo, Democratic Republic of the4,007
49Korea, South3,979
50Algeria3,973
51Bolivia3,960
52Kenya3,819
53Serbia3,809
54Nigeria3,798
55Belgium3,592
56Slovakia3,580
57Denmark3,476
58Zimbabwe3,427
59Zambia3,126
60Portugal3,075
61Netherlands3,058
62Azerbaijan2,944
63Angola2,852
64Croatia2,722
65Namibia2,628
66Vietnam2,600
67Greece2,548
68Bangladesh2,460
69Iraq2,272
70Tunisia2,173
71Estonia2,146
72Colombia2,141
73Morocco2,067
74Syria2,052
75Latvia1,860
76Peru1,854
77Malaysia1,851
78Mongolia1,815
79Lithuania1,768
80Uruguay1,673
81Taiwan1,613
82Sri Lanka1,562
83Israel1,384
84Georgia1,363
85Uganda1,244
86Slovenia1,229
87Moldova1,171
88Guinea1,086
89Cameroon987
90Bosnia and Herzegovina965
91Ecuador965
92Ghana947
93Macedonia925
94Senegal906
95Botswana888
96Madagascar836
97Guatemala800
98Armenia780
99Malawi767
100Mauritania728
101Honduras699
102Tajikistan680
103Albania677
104Cote d'Ivoire660
105Ethiopia659
106Gabon649
107Cambodia642
108Burkina Faso622
109Fiji597
110Mali593
111Togo568
112Congo, Republic of the510
113Jordan509
114Dominican Republic496
115Venezuela447
116Benin438
117Liberia429
118Kyrgyzstan424
119Lebanon401
120Kosovo333
121Eritrea306
122Swaziland301
123Costa Rica278
124Luxembourg275
125Montenegro250
126South Sudan248
127Djibouti97
128Panama77
129Philippines77
130Isle of Man63
131Nepal59
132Saint Kitts and Nevis50
133Paraguay30
134Christmas Island18
135El Salvador13
136Liechtenstein9

Definition: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails. The four typical types of gauges are: broad, standard, narrow, and dual. Other gauges are listed under note. Some 60% of the world's railways use the standard gauge of 1.4 m (4.7 ft). Gauges vary by country and sometimes within countries. The choice of gauge during initial construction was mainly in response to local conditions and the intent of the builder. Narrow-gauge railways were cheaper to build and could negotiate sharper curves, broad-gauge railways gave greater stability and permitted higher speeds. Standard-gauge railways were a compromise between narrow and broad gauges.

Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2019

See also: Railways map

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