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French Polynesia Geography Profile 2018

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LocationOceania, five archipelagoes (Archipel des Tuamotu, Iles Gambier, Iles Marquises, Iles Tubuai, Society Islands) in the South Pacific Ocean about halfway between South America and Australia
Geographic coordinates15 00 S, 140 00 W
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 4,167 sq km (118 islands and atolls; 67 are inhabited)
land: 3,827 sq km
water: 340 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly less than one-third the size of Connecticut
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline2,525 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical, but moderate
Terrainmixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefs
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Orohena 2,241 m
Natural resourcestimber, fish, cobalt, hydropower
Land useagricultural land: 12.5%
arable land 0.7%; permanent crops 6.3%; permanent pasture 5.5%
forest: 43.7%
other: 43.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land10 sq km (2012)
Population distributionthe majority of the population lives in the Society Islands, one of five archipelagos that includes the most populous island - Tahiti - with approximately 70% of the nation's population
Natural hazardsoccasional cyclonic storms in January
Environment - current issuessea level rise; extreme weather events (cyclones, storms, and tsunamis producing floods, landslides, erosion, and reef damage); droughts; fresh water scarcity
Geography - noteincludes five archipelagoes: four volcanic (Iles Gambier, Iles Marquises, Iles Tubuai, Society Islands) and one coral (Archipel des Tuamotu); Makatea in the Tuamotu archipelago is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Nauru

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018