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Pays-Bas Profil Gouvernement 2017

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Capitalenom: Amsterdam; note - The Hague is the seat of government
coordonnées géographiques: 52 21 N, 4 55 E
différence de temps: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
note: time descriptions apply to the continental Netherlands only, not to the Caribbean components
Fête de l'Indépendance23 Janvier 1579 (the northern provinces of the Low Countries conclude the Union of Utrecht breaking with Spain; on 26 Juillet 1581 they formally declared their independence with an Act of Abjuration; however, it was not until 30 Janvier 1648 and the Peace of Westphalia that Spain recognized this independence)
Fête nationaleKing's Day (birthday of King WILLEM-ALEXANDER), 27 Avril (1967); note - King's or Queen's Day are observed on the ruling monarch's birthday; celebrated on 26 Avril if 27 Avril is a Sunday
Constitutionhistory: previous 1597, 1798; latest adopted 24 Aoüt 1815 (substantially revised in 1848)
amendments: proposed as an “Act of Parliament” by or on behalf of the king or by the Second Chamber of the States General; the Second Chamber is dissolved after its first reading of the “Act”; passage requires a second reading by both the First Chamber and newly elected Second Chamber, followed by at least two-thirds majority vote of both chambers, and ratification by the king; amended many times, last in 2010 (2016)
Suffrage - Age minimum de l'électeur18 ans; universal
Pouvoir exécutifchef d'état (Président): King WILLEM-ALEXANDER (depuis 30 April 2013); Heir Apparent Princess Catharina-Amalia (depuis 30 April 2013)
chef de gouvernement (1er ministre): Prime Minister Mark RUTTE (depuis 14 October 2010); Deputy Prime Minister Lodewijk ASSCHER (depuis 5 November 2012); note - Mark RUTTE heads his second cabinet depuis 5 November 2012
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch; note - following general elections on 15 March 2017, the cabinet has caretaker status until a new cabinet has been formed
elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; following Second Chamber elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch

Source: CIA World Factbook - Version du Mars 31, 2015