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nom: Oslo
coordonnées géographiques: 59 55 N, 10 45 E
différence de temps: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
etymology: the medieval name was spelt "Aslo"; the "as" component refered either to the Ekeberg ridge southeast of the town ("as" in modern Norwegian), or to the Aesir (Norse gods); "lo" refered to "meadow," so the most likely interpretations would have been either "the meadow beneath the ridge" or "the meadow of the gods"; both explanations are considered equally plausible
Fête de l'Indépendance
7 Juin 1905 (declared the union with Sweden dissolved); 26 Octobre 1905 (Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union); notable earlier dates: ca. 872 (traditional unification of petty Norwegian kingdoms by HARALD Fairhair); 1397 (Kalmar Union of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden); 1524 (Denmark-Norway); 17 Mai 1814 (Norwegian constitution adopted); 4 Novembre 1814 (Sweden-Norway union confirmed)
Fête nationale
Constitution Day, 17 Mai (1814)
history: drafted spring 1814, adopted 16 Mai 1814, signed by Constituent Assembly 17 Mai 1814
amendments: proposals submitted by members of Parliament or by the government within the first three years of Parliament's four-year term; passage requires two-thirds majority vote of a two-thirds quorum in the next elected Parliament; amended over 400 times, last in 2018 (2018)
Suffrage - Age minimum de l'électeur
18 ans; universal
Pouvoir exécutif
chef d'état (Président): King HARALD V (depuis 17 January 1991); Heir Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS (son of the monarch, born 20 July 1973)
chef de gouvernement (1er ministre): Prime Minister Erna SOLBERG (depuis 16 October 2013)
cabinet: Council  of State appointed by the monarch, approved by Parliament
elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; following parliamentary elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the monarch with the approval of the parliament

Source: CIA World Factbook - Version du décembre 31, 2019