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Népal Profil Gouvernement 2017

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Capitalenom: Kathmandu
coordonnées géographiques: 27 43 N, 85 19 E
différence de temps: UTC+5.75 (10.75 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Fête de l'Indépendance1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan SHAH)
Fête nationaleJour De République, 28 Mai (2008); note - marks the abdication of Gyanendra SHAH, the last Nepalese monarch, and the establishment of a federal republic
Constitutionhistory: several previous; latest adopted 20 Septembre 2015
amendments: proposed as a “bill” by either house of the Federal Parliament; bills affecting a state border or powers delegated to a state must be submitted to the affected state assembly; passage of such bills requires a majority vote of that state assembly membership; bills not requiring state assembly consent require at least two-thirds majority vote by the membership of both houses of the Federal Parliament; parts of the constitution on the sovereignty, territorial integrity, independence, and sovereignty vested in the people cannot be amended; amended Janvier 2016 (2017)
Suffrage - Age minimum de l'électeur18 ans; universal
Pouvoir exécutifhead of state: Président Bidhya Devi BHANDARI (depuis 29 October 2015); Vice Président Nanda Bahadar PUN (depuis 31 October 2015)
chef de gouvernement (1er ministre): Prime Minister Sher Bahadur DEUBA (depuis 7 June 2017); note - Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal DAHAL resigned on 25 May 2017 as part of a rotational power-sharing arrangement between the CPN-MC and NC
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister; cabinet dominated by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Center) and the Nepali Congress
elections/appointments: president indirectly elected by an electoral college of the Federal Parliament and of the state assemblies for a 5-year term (elgible for a second term); prime minister indirectly elected by the Federal Parliament
election results: Bidhya Devi BHANDARI elected president; Constituent Assembly vote count - Bidhya Devi BHANDARI (CPN-UML) 327, Kul Bahadur GURUNG (NC) 214; BHANDARI is Nepal's first woman president

Source: CIA World Factbook - Version du Mars 31, 2015