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Finland Demographics Profile 2018

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Population5,518,371 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.43% (male 463,432/female 443,384)
15-24 years: 11.4% (male 321,609/female 307,458)
25-54 years: 37.78% (male 1,064,427/female 1,020,285)
55-64 years: 13.29% (male 360,821/female 372,794)
65 years and over: 21.1% (male 506,342/female 657,819) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 57.9
youth dependency ratio: 25.9
elderly dependency ratio: 32
potential support ratio: 3.1 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.5 years
male: 40.9 years
female: 44.3 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.36% (2017 est.)
Birth rate10.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate10 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate2.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 84.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.46% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationHELSINKI (capital) 1.18 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.8 years (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81 years
male: 78 years
female: 84.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.75 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 88% of population
total: 97.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 12% of population
total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Finn(s)
adjective: Finnish
Ethnic groupsFinn 93.4%, Swede 5.6%, Russian 0.5%, Estonian 0.3%, Romani 0.1%, Sami 0.1% (2006)
ReligionsLutheran 72%, Orthodox 1.1%, other 1.6%, unspecified 25.3% (2016 est.)
LanguagesFinnish (official) 88.3%, Swedish (official) 5.3%, Russian 1.4%, other 5% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 19 years
male: 19 years
female: 20 years (2015)
Education expenditures7.2% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate3 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures9.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.01 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density4.53 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.2% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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