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Finland Demographics Profile

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Population
5,571,665 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 16.41% (male 467,220/female 447,005)
15-24 years: 10.95% (male 312,179/female 297,717)
25-54 years: 37.37% (male 1,064,326/female 1,017,545)
55-64 years: 13.02% (male 357,687/female 367,610)
65 years and over: 22.26% (male 543,331/female 697,045) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 62.4
youth dependency ratio: 25.8
elderly dependency ratio: 36.6
potential support ratio: 2.7 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 42.8 years
male: 41.3 years
female: 44.4 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.3% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
10.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
10.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 85.5% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.42% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.305 million HELSINKI (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 97.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.2 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.3 years
male: 78.4 years
female: 84.4 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.74 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
85.5% (2015)

note: percent of women aged 18-49

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
4,000 (2018)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Finn(s)
adjective: Finnish
Ethnic groups
Finn, Swede, Russian, Estonian, Romani, Sami
Religions
Lutheran 69.8%, Greek Orthodox 1.1%, other 1.7%, unspecified 27.4% (2018 est.)
Languages
Finnish (official) 87.6%, Swedish (official) 5.2%, Russian 1.4%, other 5.8% (2018 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 19 years
male: 20 years
female: 20 years (2018)
Education expenditures
6.9% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
3 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
9.2% (2017)
Physicians density
3.81 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
3.3 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
22.2% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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