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Fiji Geography Profile 2018

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LocationOceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Geographic coordinates18 00 S, 175 00 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 18,274 sq km
land: 18,274 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline1,129 km
Maritime claimsmeasured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climatetropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrainmostly mountains of volcanic origin
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
Natural resourcestimber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Land useagricultural land: 23.3%
arable land 9%; permanent crops 4.7%; permanent pasture 9.6%
forest: 55.7%
other: 21% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land40 sq km (2012)
Population distributionapproximately 70% of the population lives on the island of Viti Levu; roughly half of the population lives in urban areas
Natural hazardscyclonic storms can occur from November to January
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteincludes 332 islands; approximately 110 are inhabited

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018