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Micronesia, Federated States of Geography Profile 2018

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LocationOceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Geographic coordinates6 55 N, 158 15 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 702 sq km
land: 702 sq km
water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
Area - comparativefour times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline6,112 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
Terrainislands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nanlaud on Pohnpei 782 m
Natural resourcestimber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
Land useagricultural land: 25.5%
arable land 2.3%; permanent crops 19.7%; permanent pasture 3.5%
forest: 74.5%
other: 0% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km NA (2012)
Population distributionthe majority of the populaton lives in the coastal areas of the high islands; the mountainous interior is largely uninhabited; less than half of the population lives in urban areas
Natural hazardstyphoons (June to December)
Environment - current issuesoverfishing, climate change, pollution
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notecomposed of four major island groups totaling 607 islands

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018