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Faroe Islands Geography Profile 2018

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LocationNorthern Europe, island group between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about halfway between Iceland and Norway
Geographic coordinates62 00 N, 7 00 W
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 1,393 sq km
land: 1,393 sq km
water: 0 sq km (some lakes and streams)
Area - comparativeeight times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline1,117 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
Climatemild winters, cool summers; usually overcast; foggy, windy
Terrainrugged, rocky, some low peaks; cliffs along most of coast
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Slaettaratindur 882 m
Natural resourcesfish, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas
Land useagricultural land: 2.1%
arable land 2.1%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0.1%
other: 97.8% (2011 est.)
Population distributionthe island of Streymoy is by far the most populous with over 40% of the population; it has approximately twice as many inhabitants as Eysturoy, the second most populous island; seven of the inhabited islands have fewer than 100 people
Natural hazardsstrong winds and heavy rains can occur throughout the year
Environment - current issuescoastal erosion, landslides and rockfalls, flash flooding, wind storms; oil spills
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Marine Dumping - associate member to the London Convention and Ship Pollution
Geography - notearchipelago of 17 inhabited islands and one uninhabited island, and a few uninhabited islets; strategically located along important sea lanes in northeastern Atlantic; precipitous terrain limits habitation to small coastal lowlands

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018