Zimbabwe - Household final consumption expenditure, etc. (% of GDP)

Household final consumption expenditure, etc. (% of GDP) in Zimbabwe was 76.96 as of 2016. Its highest value over the past 41 years was 119.41 in 2008, while its lowest value was 50.43 in 1988.

Definition: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also:

Year Value
1975 65.98
1976 67.67
1977 65.28
1978 69.31
1979 71.55
1980 67.71
1981 69.47
1982 67.65
1983 71.43
1984 63.17
1985 61.78
1986 58.77
1987 58.96
1988 50.43
1989 64.65
1990 63.10
1991 68.06
1992 64.86
1993 64.01
1994 61.50
1995 65.01
1996 64.33
1997 72.57
1998 65.19
1999 63.92
2000 59.91
2001 70.02
2002 80.21
2003 79.74
2004 81.59
2005 92.21
2006 103.45
2007 98.28
2008 119.41
2009 100.71
2010 87.85
2011 80.99
2012 92.76
2013 83.98
2014 79.89
2015 87.16
2016 76.96

Limitations and Exceptions: Because policymakers have tended to focus on fostering the growth of output, and because data on production are easier to collect than data on spending, many countries generate their primary estimate of GDP using the production approach. Moreover, many countries do not estimate all the components of national expenditures but instead derive some of the main aggregates indirectly using GDP (based on the production approach) as the control total. Household final consumption expenditure is often estimated as a residual, by subtracting all other known expenditures from GDP. The resulting aggregate may incorporate fairly large discrepancies. When household consumption is calculated separately, many of the estimates are based on household surveys, which tend to be one-year studies with limited coverage. Thus the estimates quickly become outdated and must be supplemented by estimates using price- and quantity-based statistical procedures. Complicating the issue, in many developing countries the distinction between cash outlays for personal business and those for household use may be blurred. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) from the expenditure side is made up of household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation (private and public investment in fixed assets, changes in inventories, and net acquisitions of valuables), and net exports (exports minus imports) of goods and services. Such expenditures are recorded in purchaser prices and include net taxes on products.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Economic Policy & Debt Indicators

Sub-Topic: National accounts