World - Households and NPISHs final consumption expenditure (% of GDP)

Households and NPISHs final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) in World was 57.67 as of 2018. Its highest value over the past 48 years was 59.75 in 1983, while its lowest value was 56.77 in 2007.

Definition: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also:

Year Value
1970 58.82
1971 58.74
1972 58.64
1973 57.88
1974 57.98
1975 58.76
1976 58.70
1977 58.59
1978 58.05
1979 58.06
1980 58.58
1981 58.61
1982 59.35
1983 59.75
1984 58.94
1985 58.95
1986 59.21
1987 59.06
1988 58.73
1989 58.32
1990 58.50
1991 58.65
1992 58.41
1993 58.55
1994 58.64
1995 58.56
1996 58.72
1997 58.51
1998 58.73
1999 58.87
2000 58.45
2001 58.86
2002 58.85
2003 58.62
2004 57.90
2005 57.58
2006 56.99
2007 56.77
2008 56.98
2009 58.02
2010 57.34
2011 57.41
2012 57.61
2013 57.75
2014 57.79
2015 57.92
2016 58.21
2017 58.04
2018 57.67

Limitations and Exceptions: Because policymakers have tended to focus on fostering the growth of output, and because data on production are easier to collect than data on spending, many countries generate their primary estimate of GDP using the production approach. Moreover, many countries do not estimate all the components of national expenditures but instead derive some of the main aggregates indirectly using GDP (based on the production approach) as the control total. Household final consumption expenditure is often estimated as a residual, by subtracting all other known expenditures from GDP. The resulting aggregate may incorporate fairly large discrepancies. When household consumption is calculated separately, many of the estimates are based on household surveys, which tend to be one-year studies with limited coverage. Thus the estimates quickly become outdated and must be supplemented by estimates using price- and quantity-based statistical procedures. Complicating the issue, in many developing countries the distinction between cash outlays for personal business and those for household use may be blurred. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) from the expenditure side is made up of household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation (private and public investment in fixed assets, changes in inventories, and net acquisitions of valuables), and net exports (exports minus imports) of goods and services. Such expenditures are recorded in purchaser prices and include net taxes on products.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Economic Policy & Debt Indicators

Sub-Topic: National accounts