California vs. Texas

Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019)39,512,22328,995,881
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019)6.1%15.3%
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019)37,254,51925,146,091
Population, Census, April 1, 201037,253,95625,145,561
Persons under 5 years, percent6.2%7.1%
Persons under 18 years, percent22.7%25.8%
Persons 65 years and over, percent14.3%12.6%
Female persons, percent50.3%50.3%
White alone, percent72.1%78.8%
Black or African American alone, percent6.5%12.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent1.6%1.0%
Asian alone, percent15.3%5.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent0.5%0.1%
Two or More Races, percent3.9%2.0%
Hispanic or Latino, percent39.3%39.6%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent36.8%41.5%
Veterans, 2014-20181,618,8611,474,232
Foreign born persons, percent, 2014-201826.9%17.0%
Housing units, July 1, 2018, (V2018)14,277,15711,100,779
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2014-201854.6%61.9%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2014-2018$475,900$161,700
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2014-2018$2,282$1,549
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2014-2018$569$500
Median gross rent, 2014-2018$1,429$998
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2009-201331.0%24.2%
Building permits, 2018113,502192,878
Households, 2014-201812,965,4359,553,046
Persons per household, 2014-20182.962.86
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2014-201886.7%84.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2014-201844.1%35.5%
Households with a computer, percent, 2014-201891.7%89.2%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2014-201884.7%79.3%
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-201882.9%83.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-201833.3%29.3%
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2014-20186.8%7.9%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent8.3%20.0%
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-201863.1%64.2%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-201857.2%57.7%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)90,830,37254,480,811
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)248,953,592145,035,130
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)512,303,164702,603,073
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)666,652,186691,242,607
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)481,800,461356,116,376
Total retail sales per capita, 2012$12,665$13,666
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2014-201829.326.4
Median household income (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018$71,228$59,570
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018$35,021$30,143
Persons in poverty, percent12.8%14.9%
Total employer establishments, 2017941,377592,677
Total employment, 201714,896,62510,580,160
Total annual payroll, 2017 ($1,000)955,043,843544,772,560
Total employment, percent change, 2016-20172.0%1.4%
Total nonemployer establishments, 20173,374,0502,399,267
All firms, 20123,548,4492,356,748
Men-owned firms, 20121,852,5801,251,696
Women-owned firms, 20121,320,085866,678
Minority-owned firms, 20121,619,8571,070,392
Nonminority-owned firms, 20121,819,1071,224,845
Veteran-owned firms, 2012252,377213,590
Nonveteran-owned firms, 20123,176,3412,057,218
Black-owned firms, percent, 20074.0%7.1%
American Indian- and Alaska Native-owned firms, percent, 20071.3%0.9%
Asian-owned firms, percent, 200714.9%5.3%
Native Hawaiian- and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms, percent, 20070.3%0.1%
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 200716.5%20.7%
Women-owned firms, percent, 200730.3%28.2%
Population per square mile, 2010239.196.3
Land area in square miles, 2010155,779.22261,231.71

Source: United States Census Bureau

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About this page: Side-by-side comparison between California and Texas using the main population, demographic, and social indicators from the United States Census Bureau.