California vs. New York

CaliforniaNew York
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019)39,512,22319,453,561
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019)6.1%0.4%
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019)37,254,51919,378,144
Population, Census, April 1, 201037,253,95619,378,102
Persons under 5 years, percent6.2%5.8%
Persons under 18 years, percent22.7%20.8%
Persons 65 years and over, percent14.3%16.4%
Female persons, percent50.3%51.4%
White alone, percent72.1%69.7%
Black or African American alone, percent6.5%17.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent1.6%1.0%
Asian alone, percent15.3%9.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent0.5%0.1%
Two or More Races, percent3.9%2.6%
Hispanic or Latino, percent39.3%19.2%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent36.8%55.4%
Veterans, 2014-20181,618,861730,557
Foreign born persons, percent, 2014-201826.9%22.6%
Housing units, July 1, 2018, (V2018)14,277,1578,363,934
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2014-201854.6%53.9%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2014-2018$475,900$302,200
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2014-2018$2,282$2,114
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2014-2018$569$755
Median gross rent, 2014-2018$1,429$1,240
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2009-201331.0%50.6%
Building permits, 2018113,50237,778
Households, 2014-201812,965,4357,316,537
Persons per household, 2014-20182.962.60
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2014-201886.7%89.5%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2014-201844.1%30.5%
Households with a computer, percent, 2014-201891.7%88.2%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2014-201884.7%80.9%
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-201882.9%86.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-201833.3%35.9%
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2014-20186.8%7.6%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent8.3%6.3%
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-201863.1%63.0%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-201857.2%58.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)90,830,37249,285,508
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)248,953,592155,666,053
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)512,303,164148,879,931
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)666,652,186341,734,970
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)481,800,461251,167,736
Total retail sales per capita, 2012$12,665$12,834
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2014-201829.333.3
Median household income (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018$71,228$65,323
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018$35,021$37,470
Persons in poverty, percent12.8%13.6%
Total employer establishments, 2017941,377547,034
Total employment, 201714,896,6258,261,269
Total annual payroll, 2017 ($1,000)955,043,843547,344,236
Total employment, percent change, 2016-20172.0%1.0%
Total nonemployer establishments, 20173,374,0501,751,378
All firms, 20123,548,4492,008,988
Men-owned firms, 20121,852,5801,139,910
Women-owned firms, 20121,320,085725,709
Minority-owned firms, 20121,619,857709,021
Nonminority-owned firms, 20121,819,1071,248,304
Veteran-owned firms, 2012252,377137,532
Nonveteran-owned firms, 20123,176,3411,811,544
Black-owned firms, percent, 20074.0%10.4%
American Indian- and Alaska Native-owned firms, percent, 20071.3%0.7%
Asian-owned firms, percent, 200714.9%10.1%
Native Hawaiian- and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms, percent, 20070.3%0.1%
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 200716.5%9.9%
Women-owned firms, percent, 200730.3%30.4%
Population per square mile, 2010239.1411.2
Land area in square miles, 2010155,779.2247,126.40

Source: United States Census Bureau

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About this page: Side-by-side comparison between California and New York using the main population, demographic, and social indicators from the United States Census Bureau.