Romania - Rural population

The value for Rural population in Romania was 8,958,400 as of 2018. As the graph below shows, over the past 58 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 12,211,370 in 1976 and a minimum value of 8,958,400 in 2018.

Definition: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.

See also:

Year Value
1960 12,110,090
1961 12,080,580
1962 12,030,310
1963 11,977,240
1964 11,921,130
1965 11,857,240
1966 11,847,290
1967 11,948,120
1968 12,012,950
1969 12,041,100
1970 12,085,640
1971 12,109,570
1972 12,122,300
1973 12,121,990
1974 12,128,720
1975 12,173,330
1976 12,211,370
1977 12,196,030
1978 12,150,360
1979 12,070,680
1980 11,995,460
1981 11,929,130
1982 11,821,710
1983 11,698,730
1984 11,571,300
1985 11,459,410
1986 11,348,030
1987 11,228,470
1988 11,116,100
1989 11,000,770
1990 10,854,510
1991 10,596,630
1992 10,433,630
1993 10,454,260
1994 10,473,630
1995 10,487,170
1996 10,491,600
1997 10,495,950
1998 10,508,450
1999 10,526,350
2000 10,547,300
2001 10,434,780
2002 10,261,140
2003 10,158,920
2004 10,073,100
2005 9,983,156
2006 9,896,426
2007 9,723,952
2008 9,536,351
2009 9,430,554
2010 9,348,183
2011 9,275,922
2012 9,231,911
2013 9,205,089
2014 9,178,039
2015 9,137,513
2016 9,082,775
2017 9,022,782
2018 8,958,400

Development Relevance: The rural population is calculated using the urban share reported by the United Nations Population Division. There is no universal standard for distinguishing rural from urban areas, and any urban-rural dichotomy is an oversimplification. The two distinct images - isolated farm, thriving metropolis - represent poles on a continuum. Life changes along a variety of dimensions, moving from the most remote forest outpost through fields and pastures, past tiny hamlets, through small towns with weekly farm markets, into intensively cultivated areas near large towns and small cities, eventually reaching the center of a megacity. Along the way access to infrastructure, social services, and nonfarm employment increase, and with them population density and income. A 2005 World Bank Policy Research Paper proposes an operational definition of rurality based on population density and distance to large cities (Chomitz, Buys, and Thomas 2005). The report argues that these criteria are important gradients along which economic behavior and appropriate development interventions vary substantially. Where population densities are low, markets of all kinds are thin, and the unit cost of delivering most social services and many types of infrastructure is high. Where large urban areas are distant, farm-gate or factory-gate prices of outputs will be low and input prices will be high, and it will be difficult to recruit skilled people to public service or private enterprises. Thus, low population density and remoteness together define a set of rural areas that face special development challenges. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Rural population methodology is defined by various national statistical offices. In the United States, for example, the US Census Bureau's urban-rural classification is fundamentally a delineation of geographical areas, identifying both individual urban areas and the rural areas of the nation. "Rural" encompasses all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Rural population is approximated as the midyear nonurban population. While a practical means of identifying the rural population, it is not a precise measure. The United Nations Population Division and other agencies provide current population estimates for developing countries that lack recent census data and pre- and post-census estimates for countries with census data.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization