Peru - Rural population (% of total population)

Rural population (% of total population) in Peru was 22.09 as of 2018. Its highest value over the past 58 years was 53.19 in 1960, while its lowest value was 22.09 in 2018.

Definition: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.

See also:

Year Value
1960 53.19
1961 52.60
1962 51.49
1963 50.37
1964 49.25
1965 48.13
1966 47.02
1967 45.90
1968 44.79
1969 43.69
1970 42.59
1971 41.50
1972 40.45
1973 39.81
1974 39.17
1975 38.54
1976 37.91
1977 37.28
1978 36.66
1979 36.04
1980 35.43
1981 34.82
1982 34.39
1983 33.97
1984 33.55
1985 33.14
1986 32.72
1987 32.31
1988 31.91
1989 31.50
1990 31.10
1991 30.70
1992 30.30
1993 29.91
1994 29.48
1995 29.05
1996 28.62
1997 28.20
1998 27.78
1999 27.37
2000 26.96
2001 26.55
2002 26.15
2003 25.75
2004 25.36
2005 24.97
2006 24.58
2007 24.20
2008 23.95
2009 23.76
2010 23.57
2011 23.38
2012 23.20
2013 23.01
2014 22.83
2015 22.64
2016 22.46
2017 22.28
2018 22.09

Development Relevance: The rural population is calculated using the urban share reported by the United Nations Population Division. There is no universal standard for distinguishing rural from urban areas, and any urban-rural dichotomy is an oversimplification. The two distinct images - isolated farm, thriving metropolis - represent poles on a continuum. Life changes along a variety of dimensions, moving from the most remote forest outpost through fields and pastures, past tiny hamlets, through small towns with weekly farm markets, into intensively cultivated areas near large towns and small cities, eventually reaching the center of a megacity. Along the way access to infrastructure, social services, and nonfarm employment increase, and with them population density and income. A 2005 World Bank Policy Research Paper proposes an operational definition of rurality based on population density and distance to large cities (Chomitz, Buys, and Thomas 2005). The report argues that these criteria are important gradients along which economic behavior and appropriate development interventions vary substantially. Where population densities are low, markets of all kinds are thin, and the unit cost of delivering most social services and many types of infrastructure is high. Where large urban areas are distant, farm-gate or factory-gate prices of outputs will be low and input prices will be high, and it will be difficult to recruit skilled people to public service or private enterprises. Thus, low population density and remoteness together define a set of rural areas that face special development challenges. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Rural population methodology is defined by various national statistical offices. In the United States, for example, the US Census Bureau's urban-rural classification is fundamentally a delineation of geographical areas, identifying both individual urban areas and the rural areas of the nation. "Rural" encompasses all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Rural population is approximated as the midyear nonurban population. While a practical means of identifying the rural population, it is not a precise measure. The United Nations Population Division and other agencies provide current population estimates for developing countries that lack recent census data and pre- and post-census estimates for countries with census data.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization