Papua New Guinea - Rural population

The value for Rural population in Papua New Guinea was 7,472,950 as of 2018. As the graph below shows, over the past 58 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 7,472,950 in 2018 and a minimum value of 2,171,828 in 1960.

Definition: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.

See also:

Year Value
1960 2,171,828
1961 2,204,625
1962 2,238,617
1963 2,273,950
1964 2,310,832
1965 2,349,484
1966 2,389,782
1967 2,422,521
1968 2,454,065
1969 2,483,661
1970 2,510,486
1971 2,533,861
1972 2,588,389
1973 2,645,235
1974 2,704,152
1975 2,765,350
1976 2,828,716
1977 2,894,229
1978 2,961,991
1979 3,032,312
1980 3,105,270
1981 3,182,374
1982 3,262,451
1983 3,344,350
1984 3,427,036
1985 3,509,767
1986 3,592,309
1987 3,674,863
1988 3,757,507
1989 3,840,362
1990 3,923,740
1991 4,025,410
1992 4,128,727
1993 4,234,161
1994 4,343,196
1995 4,456,670
1996 4,575,514
1997 4,699,144
1998 4,825,489
1999 4,951,624
2000 5,075,471
2001 5,187,053
2002 5,295,799
2003 5,405,252
2004 5,520,123
2005 5,643,486
2006 5,776,750
2007 5,918,437
2008 6,065,458
2009 6,213,312
2010 6,358,752
2011 6,500,814
2012 6,640,345
2013 6,777,603
2014 6,914,610
2015 7,052,791
2016 7,192,295
2017 7,332,478
2018 7,472,950

Development Relevance: The rural population is calculated using the urban share reported by the United Nations Population Division. There is no universal standard for distinguishing rural from urban areas, and any urban-rural dichotomy is an oversimplification. The two distinct images - isolated farm, thriving metropolis - represent poles on a continuum. Life changes along a variety of dimensions, moving from the most remote forest outpost through fields and pastures, past tiny hamlets, through small towns with weekly farm markets, into intensively cultivated areas near large towns and small cities, eventually reaching the center of a megacity. Along the way access to infrastructure, social services, and nonfarm employment increase, and with them population density and income. A 2005 World Bank Policy Research Paper proposes an operational definition of rurality based on population density and distance to large cities (Chomitz, Buys, and Thomas 2005). The report argues that these criteria are important gradients along which economic behavior and appropriate development interventions vary substantially. Where population densities are low, markets of all kinds are thin, and the unit cost of delivering most social services and many types of infrastructure is high. Where large urban areas are distant, farm-gate or factory-gate prices of outputs will be low and input prices will be high, and it will be difficult to recruit skilled people to public service or private enterprises. Thus, low population density and remoteness together define a set of rural areas that face special development challenges. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Rural population methodology is defined by various national statistical offices. In the United States, for example, the US Census Bureau's urban-rural classification is fundamentally a delineation of geographical areas, identifying both individual urban areas and the rural areas of the nation. "Rural" encompasses all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Rural population is approximated as the midyear nonurban population. While a practical means of identifying the rural population, it is not a precise measure. The United Nations Population Division and other agencies provide current population estimates for developing countries that lack recent census data and pre- and post-census estimates for countries with census data.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization