Pakistan - Expenditure on primary education (% of government expenditure on education)

Expenditure on primary education (% of government expenditure on education) in Pakistan was 31.05 as of 2015. Its highest value over the past 44 years was 52.00 in 1997, while its lowest value was 24.95 in 1978.

Definition: Expenditure on primary education is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on education. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (

See also:

Year Value
1971 28.09
1972 34.56
1973 31.52
1974 31.45
1975 31.04
1976 30.84
1977 30.44
1978 24.95
1979 33.67
1980 38.63
1981 34.00
1982 32.50
1983 32.34
1984 33.81
1985 32.12
1986 30.97
1987 31.66
1989 42.87
1990 43.66
1991 42.44
1992 44.27
1993 44.77
1994 46.85
1995 48.21
1996 47.27
1997 52.00
2013 32.68
2014 35.14
2015 31.05

Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure for a specific education level allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to a level of education relative to other levels. Enrolment and the relative costs per student between different levels of education should be also taken into account.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data disaggregated by level of education are estimates in some instances. It is often difficult to separate lower from upper secondary education expenditure, or pre-primary from primary.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The share of expenditure on primary education to total government expenditure on education is calculated by dividing government expenditure on primary education by total government expenditure on education (all levels combined), and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Inputs