Mongolia - Household final consumption expenditure, etc. (% of GDP)

Household final consumption expenditure, etc. (% of GDP) in Mongolia was 51.13 as of 2016. Its highest value over the past 35 years was 76.47 in 1991, while its lowest value was 45.36 in 1982.

Definition: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also:

Year Value
1981 52.33
1982 45.36
1983 56.40
1984 55.76
1985 55.47
1986 61.21
1987 64.32
1988 65.03
1989 60.37
1990 68.65
1991 76.47
1992 65.93
1993 70.62
1994 65.66
1995 63.13
1996 68.13
1997 57.41
1998 65.60
1999 65.60
2000 69.58
2001 73.22
2002 76.30
2003 69.09
2004 64.10
2005 55.18
2006 46.47
2007 46.88
2008 54.96
2009 58.77
2010 55.22
2011 51.49
2012 53.02
2013 55.80
2014 56.63
2015 59.05
2016 51.13

Limitations and Exceptions: Because policymakers have tended to focus on fostering the growth of output, and because data on production are easier to collect than data on spending, many countries generate their primary estimate of GDP using the production approach. Moreover, many countries do not estimate all the components of national expenditures but instead derive some of the main aggregates indirectly using GDP (based on the production approach) as the control total. Household final consumption expenditure is often estimated as a residual, by subtracting all other known expenditures from GDP. The resulting aggregate may incorporate fairly large discrepancies. When household consumption is calculated separately, many of the estimates are based on household surveys, which tend to be one-year studies with limited coverage. Thus the estimates quickly become outdated and must be supplemented by estimates using price- and quantity-based statistical procedures. Complicating the issue, in many developing countries the distinction between cash outlays for personal business and those for household use may be blurred. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) from the expenditure side is made up of household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation (private and public investment in fixed assets, changes in inventories, and net acquisitions of valuables), and net exports (exports minus imports) of goods and services. Such expenditures are recorded in purchaser prices and include net taxes on products.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Economic Policy & Debt Indicators

Sub-Topic: National accounts