Lithuania - Rural population (% of total population)

Rural population (% of total population) in Lithuania was 33.49 as of 2016. Its highest value over the past 56 years was 60.54 in 1960, while its lowest value was 32.36 in 1989.

Definition: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also:

Year Value
1960 60.54
1961 59.56
1962 58.57
1963 57.57
1964 56.56
1965 55.55
1966 54.54
1967 53.52
1968 52.49
1969 51.47
1970 50.45
1971 49.28
1972 48.03
1973 46.79
1974 45.55
1975 44.32
1976 43.09
1977 41.87
1978 40.66
1979 39.64
1980 38.84
1981 38.05
1982 37.27
1983 36.49
1984 35.72
1985 34.96
1986 34.21
1987 33.46
1988 32.72
1989 32.36
1990 32.42
1991 32.48
1992 32.54
1993 32.60
1994 32.66
1995 32.72
1996 32.78
1997 32.83
1998 32.89
1999 32.95
2000 33.01
2001 33.08
2002 33.17
2003 33.26
2004 33.35
2005 33.37
2006 33.29
2007 33.22
2008 33.15
2009 33.16
2010 33.24
2011 33.33
2012 33.40
2013 33.45
2014 33.48
2015 33.49
2016 33.49

Development Relevance: The rural population is calculated using the urban share reported by the United Nations Population Division. There is no universal standard for distinguishing rural from urban areas, and any urban-rural dichotomy is an oversimplification. The two distinct images - isolated farm, thriving metropolis - represent poles on a continuum. Life changes along a variety of dimensions, moving from the most remote forest outpost through fields and pastures, past tiny hamlets, through small towns with weekly farm markets, into intensively cultivated areas near large towns and small cities, eventually reaching the center of a megacity. Along the way access to infrastructure, social services, and nonfarm employment increase, and with them population density and income. A 2005 World Bank Policy Research Paper proposes an operational definition of rurality based on population density and distance to large cities (Chomitz, Buys, and Thomas 2005). The report argues that these criteria are important gradients along which economic behavior and appropriate development interventions vary substantially. Where population densities are low, markets of all kinds are thin, and the unit cost of delivering most social services and many types of infrastructure is high. Where large urban areas are distant, farm-gate or factory-gate prices of outputs will be low and input prices will be high, and it will be difficult to recruit skilled people to public service or private enterprises. Thus, low population density and remoteness together define a set of rural areas that face special development challenges. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Rural population methodology is defined by various national statistical offices. In the United States, for example, the US Census Bureau's urban-rural classification is fundamentally a delineation of geographical areas, identifying both individual urban areas and the rural areas of the nation. "Rural" encompasses all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Rural population is approximated as the midyear nonurban population. While a practical means of identifying the rural population, it is not a precise measure. The United Nations Population Division and other agencies provide current population estimates for developing countries that lack recent census data and pre- and post-census estimates for countries with census data.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization