Kenya - Rural population

The value for Rural population in Kenya was 37,501,480 as of 2018. As the graph below shows, over the past 58 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 37,501,480 in 2018 and a minimum value of 7,522,280 in 1960.

Definition: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.

See also:

Year Value
1960 7,522,280
1961 7,743,923
1962 7,974,792
1963 8,210,837
1964 8,455,548
1965 8,710,102
1966 8,974,468
1967 9,249,313
1968 9,535,969
1969 9,835,974
1970 10,137,920
1971 10,450,620
1972 10,775,750
1973 11,113,270
1974 11,462,420
1975 11,822,710
1976 12,192,850
1977 12,573,050
1978 12,963,340
1979 13,364,760
1980 13,858,910
1981 14,388,090
1982 14,937,530
1983 15,504,980
1984 16,087,000
1985 16,681,050
1986 17,285,830
1987 17,900,890
1988 18,524,240
1989 19,154,240
1990 19,751,190
1991 20,342,470
1992 20,934,030
1993 21,524,480
1994 22,112,360
1995 22,696,970
1996 23,277,820
1997 23,856,690
1998 24,435,740
1999 25,018,950
2000 25,606,170
2001 26,200,340
2002 26,801,920
2003 27,414,270
2004 28,041,400
2005 28,686,450
2006 29,349,300
2007 30,028,060
2008 30,719,410
2009 31,419,530
2010 32,123,620
2011 32,828,860
2012 33,534,260
2013 34,233,690
2014 34,921,780
2015 35,593,710
2016 36,246,740
2017 36,881,640
2018 37,501,480

Development Relevance: The rural population is calculated using the urban share reported by the United Nations Population Division. There is no universal standard for distinguishing rural from urban areas, and any urban-rural dichotomy is an oversimplification. The two distinct images - isolated farm, thriving metropolis - represent poles on a continuum. Life changes along a variety of dimensions, moving from the most remote forest outpost through fields and pastures, past tiny hamlets, through small towns with weekly farm markets, into intensively cultivated areas near large towns and small cities, eventually reaching the center of a megacity. Along the way access to infrastructure, social services, and nonfarm employment increase, and with them population density and income. A 2005 World Bank Policy Research Paper proposes an operational definition of rurality based on population density and distance to large cities (Chomitz, Buys, and Thomas 2005). The report argues that these criteria are important gradients along which economic behavior and appropriate development interventions vary substantially. Where population densities are low, markets of all kinds are thin, and the unit cost of delivering most social services and many types of infrastructure is high. Where large urban areas are distant, farm-gate or factory-gate prices of outputs will be low and input prices will be high, and it will be difficult to recruit skilled people to public service or private enterprises. Thus, low population density and remoteness together define a set of rural areas that face special development challenges. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Rural population methodology is defined by various national statistical offices. In the United States, for example, the US Census Bureau's urban-rural classification is fundamentally a delineation of geographical areas, identifying both individual urban areas and the rural areas of the nation. "Rural" encompasses all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution. To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Rural population is approximated as the midyear nonurban population. While a practical means of identifying the rural population, it is not a precise measure. The United Nations Population Division and other agencies provide current population estimates for developing countries that lack recent census data and pre- and post-census estimates for countries with census data.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Density & urbanization