Japan - Household final consumption expenditure, etc. (% of GDP)

Household final consumption expenditure, etc. (% of GDP) in Japan was 55.84 as of 2016. Its highest value over the past 46 years was 58.96 in 2013, while its lowest value was 47.07 in 1970.

Definition: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. This item also includes any statistical discrepancy in the use of resources relative to the supply of resources.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also:

Year Value
1970 47.07
1971 48.31
1972 48.65
1973 48.04
1974 48.46
1975 51.07
1976 51.57
1977 51.81
1978 51.86
1979 52.79
1980 52.91
1981 52.40
1982 53.65
1983 54.40
1984 53.81
1985 52.91
1986 52.61
1987 52.92
1988 51.86
1989 51.45
1990 51.39
1991 50.90
1992 51.69
1993 52.50
1994 53.52
1995 53.49
1996 53.25
1997 53.39
1998 53.70
1999 54.80
2000 54.41
2001 55.24
2002 55.87
2003 55.71
2004 55.53
2005 55.62
2006 55.88
2007 55.68
2008 56.64
2009 58.49
2010 57.75
2011 58.25
2012 58.64
2013 58.96
2014 58.42
2015 56.56
2016 55.84

Limitations and Exceptions: Because policymakers have tended to focus on fostering the growth of output, and because data on production are easier to collect than data on spending, many countries generate their primary estimate of GDP using the production approach. Moreover, many countries do not estimate all the components of national expenditures but instead derive some of the main aggregates indirectly using GDP (based on the production approach) as the control total. Household final consumption expenditure is often estimated as a residual, by subtracting all other known expenditures from GDP. The resulting aggregate may incorporate fairly large discrepancies. When household consumption is calculated separately, many of the estimates are based on household surveys, which tend to be one-year studies with limited coverage. Thus the estimates quickly become outdated and must be supplemented by estimates using price- and quantity-based statistical procedures. Complicating the issue, in many developing countries the distinction between cash outlays for personal business and those for household use may be blurred. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) from the expenditure side is made up of household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation (private and public investment in fixed assets, changes in inventories, and net acquisitions of valuables), and net exports (exports minus imports) of goods and services. Such expenditures are recorded in purchaser prices and include net taxes on products.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Economic Policy & Debt Indicators

Sub-Topic: National accounts