Italy - Expenditure on secondary education (% of government expenditure on education)

Expenditure on secondary education (% of government expenditure on education) in Italy was 42.74 as of 2015. Its highest value over the past 41 years was 48.71 in 2001, while its lowest value was 33.65 in 1986.

Definition: Expenditure on secondary education is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on education. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (

See also:

Year Value
1974 38.50
1975 41.80
1976 44.17
1978 47.73
1979 40.45
1983 36.97
1984 34.46
1985 33.99
1986 33.65
1988 44.51
1993 48.06
1994 47.62
1995 46.71
1996 48.09
1998 46.78
1999 46.09
2000 46.09
2001 48.71
2002 46.09
2003 47.05
2004 46.01
2005 46.50
2006 46.24
2007 45.07
2008 44.59
2009 43.11
2010 42.94
2011 42.47
2012 42.97
2013 42.70
2014 42.41
2015 42.74

Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure for a specific education level allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to a level of education relative to other levels. Enrolment and the relative costs per student between different levels of education should be also taken into account.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data disaggregated by level of education are estimates in some instances. It is often difficult to separate lower from upper secondary education expenditure, or pre-primary from primary.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The share of expenditure on secondary education to total government expenditure on education is calculated by dividing government expenditure on secondary education by total government expenditure on education (all levels combined), and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Inputs