Italy - Expenditure on primary education (% of government expenditure on education)

Expenditure on primary education (% of government expenditure on education) in Italy was 23.95 as of 2016. Its highest value over the past 42 years was 29.99 in 1975, while its lowest value was 20.47 in 1983.

Definition: Expenditure on primary education is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on education. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (

See also:

Year Value
1974 29.23
1975 29.99
1976 27.82
1978 28.92
1979 27.89
1983 20.47
1984 22.13
1985 21.87
1986 20.73
1988 22.70
1993 21.23
1994 22.75
1995 23.54
1996 23.27
1998 24.64
1999 25.82
2000 25.82
2001 24.08
2002 25.82
2003 25.65
2004 25.80
2005 24.58
2006 25.06
2007 25.08
2008 25.23
2009 25.18
2010 24.98
2011 24.73
2012 23.98
2013 24.40
2014 24.49
2015 24.97
2016 23.95

Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure for a specific education level allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to a level of education relative to other levels. Enrolment and the relative costs per student between different levels of education should be also taken into account.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data disaggregated by level of education are estimates in some instances. It is often difficult to separate lower from upper secondary education expenditure, or pre-primary from primary.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The share of expenditure on primary education to total government expenditure on education is calculated by dividing government expenditure on primary education by total government expenditure on education (all levels combined), and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Inputs