Intentional homicides (per 100,000 people) - Country Ranking

Definition: Intentional homicides are estimates of unlawful homicides purposely inflicted as a result of domestic disputes, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, intergang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. Intentional homicide does not include all intentional killing; the difference is usually in the organization of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas killing in armed conflict is usually committed by fairly cohesive groups of up to several hundred members and is thus usually excluded.

Source: UN Office on Drugs and Crime's International Homicide Statistics database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 El Salvador 61.80 2017
2 Jamaica 57.00 2017
3 Venezuela 56.30 2016
4 Honduras 41.70 2017
5 Lesotho 41.20 2015
6 Belize 37.90 2017
7 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 36.50 2016
8 South Africa 35.90 2017
9 St. Kitts and Nevis 34.20 2012
10 The Bahamas 30.90 2017
10 Trinidad and Tobago 30.90 2015
12 Brazil 30.50 2017
13 St. Lucia 29.60 2017
14 Guatemala 26.10 2017
15 Dominica 25.70 2017
16 Colombia 24.90 2017
17 Mexico 24.80 2017
18 Central African Republic 19.80 2016
19 Tuvalu 18.60 2012
20 Puerto Rico 18.50 2017
21 Namibia 17.10 2012
22 Botswana 15.00 2010
23 Guyana 14.80 2017
24 Seychelles 12.70 2016
25 Costa Rica 12.30 2017
26 Cabo Verde 11.50 2016
27 Dominican Republic 11.30 2017
28 Grenada 11.10 2017
29 Uganda 11.00 2017
30 Barbados 10.50 2017
31 Antigua and Barbuda 10.30 2012
32 Papua New Guinea 10.00 2010
33 Iraq 9.90 2013
34 Panama 9.70 2017
35 Eswatini 9.50 2017
35 Haiti 9.50 2016
37 Russia 9.20 2017
38 Paraguay 8.90 2016
39 Cayman Islands 8.40 2014
39 Philippines 8.40 2017
41 Uruguay 8.20 2017
42 Peru 7.70 2017
43 Kiribati 7.50 2012
44 Nicaragua 7.40 2016
45 Afghanistan 7.10 2017
46 Zimbabwe 6.70 2012
46 Yemen 6.70 2013
48 Bolivia 6.30 2016
49 Tanzania 6.20 2016
49 Ukraine 6.20 2017
49 Mongolia 6.20 2017
52 Burundi 6.00 2016
53 Ecuador 5.80 2017
54 Suriname 5.50 2017
55 Zambia 5.30 2015
55 United States 5.30 2017
55 Greenland 5.30 2016
58 Sudan 5.20 2008
59 Argentina 5.10 2017
60 Kazakhstan 5.00 2017
60 Cuba 5.00 2016
60 Kenya 5.00 2017
63 Angola 4.80 2012
64 Lithuania 4.50 2017
65 Niger 4.40 2012
66 Turkey 4.30 2012
66 Chile 4.30 2017
68 Latvia 4.20 2017
68 Turkmenistan 4.20 2006
68 Kyrgyz Republic 4.20 2017
68 Pakistan 4.20 2017
72 Lebanon 4.00 2016
73 Timor-Leste 3.90 2015
74 Solomon Islands 3.80 2008
75 Belarus 3.60 2014
76 Mozambique 3.40 2011
76 São Tomé and Principe 3.40 2011
78 Thailand 3.20 2016
78 Liberia 3.20 2012
78 India 3.20 2016
78 Moldova 3.20 2014
78 New Caledonia 3.20 2009
83 Samoa 3.10 2013
84 Tunisia 3.00 2012
85 Egypt 2.50 2012
85 Hungary 2.50 2017
85 Iran 2.50 2014
85 Rwanda 2.50 2015
89 Montenegro 2.40 2017
89 Armenia 2.40 2017
91 Sri Lanka 2.30 2017
91 Myanmar 2.30 2016
91 Albania 2.30 2017
91 Fiji 2.30 2014
95 Nepal 2.20 2016
95 Estonia 2.20 2017
95 Syrian Arab Republic 2.20 2010
95 Bangladesh 2.20 2017
99 Morocco 2.10 2017
99 Malaysia 2.10 2013
99 Ghana 2.10 2017
102 Azerbaijan 2.00 2017
103 Cambodia 1.80 2011
103 Canada 1.80 2017
103 Mauritius 1.80 2016
103 Kuwait 1.80 2012
107 Malawi 1.70 2012
107 Belgium 1.70 2017
107 Sierra Leone 1.70 2015
110 Tajikistan 1.60 2011
110 Bhutan 1.60 2017
112 Romania 1.50 2017
112 Bulgaria 1.50 2017
112 North Macedonia 1.50 2017
112 Vietnam 1.50 2011
112 Slovak Republic 1.50 2017
117 Israel 1.40 2015
117 Cameroon 1.40 2017
117 Jordan 1.40 2017
117 Algeria 1.40 2015
121 Saudi Arabia 1.30 2017
121 Burkina Faso 1.30 2017
121 France 1.30 2017
124 Finland 1.20 2017
124 United Kingdom 1.20 2017
124 Denmark 1.20 2017
124 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.20 2017
128 Serbia 1.10 2017
128 Croatia 1.10 2017
128 Benin 1.10 2017
128 Guinea-Bissau 1.10 2017
128 Sweden 1.10 2017
128 Uzbekistan 1.10 2017
134 Tonga 1.00 2012
134 Georgia 1.00 2016
134 Germany 1.00 2017
137 Malta 0.90 2015
137 Slovenia 0.90 2017
137 Ireland 0.90 2017
137 Iceland 0.90 2017
141 Australia 0.80 2017
141 Poland 0.80 2017
141 Netherlands 0.80 2017
144 Portugal 0.70 2017
144 New Zealand 0.70 2017
144 Italy 0.70 2016
144 Greece 0.70 2017
144 Austria 0.70 2016
144 Spain 0.70 2017
150 Korea 0.60 2017
150 Cyprus 0.60 2017
150 China 0.60 2017
150 Czech Republic 0.60 2017
154 Bahrain 0.50 2014
154 Brunei 0.50 2013
154 Norway 0.50 2017
154 Oman 0.50 2017
154 United Arab Emirates 0.50 2017
154 Switzerland 0.50 2017
160 Qatar 0.40 2014
160 Indonesia 0.40 2017
162 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.30 2017
162 Luxembourg 0.30 2017
162 Macao SAR, China 0.30 2017
165 Singapore 0.20 2017
165 Japan 0.20 2017
167 Monaco 0.00 2015
167 Andorra 0.00 2015
167 Liechtenstein 0.00 2016
167 San Marino 0.00 2011

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: In some regions, organized crime, drug trafficking and the violent cultures of youth gangs are predominantly responsible for the high levels of homicide. There has been a sharp increase in homicides in some countries, particularly in Central America, are making the activities of organized crime and drug trafficking more visible. Greater use of firearms is often associated with the illicit activities of organized criminal groups, which are often linked to drug trafficking. Knowledge of the patterns and causes of violent crime are crucial to forming preventive strategies. Young males are the group most affected by violent crime in all regions, particularly in the Americas. Yet women of all ages are the victims of intimate partner and family-related violence in all regions and countries. Indeed, in many of them, it is within the home where a woman is most likely to be killed. Data on intentional homicides are from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), which uses a variety of national and international sources on homicides - primarily criminal justice sources as well as public health data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization - and the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems to present accurate and comparable statistics. The UNODC defines homicide as "unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person." This definition excludes deaths arising from armed conflict.

Limitations and Exceptions: Statistics reported to the United Nations in the context of its various surveys on crime levels and criminal justice trends are incidents of victimization that have been reported to the authorities in any given country. That means that this data is subject to the problems of accuracy of all official crime data. The survey results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The degree to which different societies apportion the level of culpability to acts resulting in death is also subject to variation. Consequently, the comparison between countries and regions of "intentional homicide", or unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person, is also a comparison of the extent to which different countries deem that a killing be classified as such, as well as the capacity of their legal systems to record it. Caution should therefore be applied when evaluating and comparing homicide data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The definitions used to produce data are in line with the homicide definition used in the UNODC Homicide Statistics dataset. On the basis of these selection criteria and subject to data availability, a long and continuous time series including recent data on homicide counts and rates has been identified or created at country level. Data included in the dataset correspond to the original value provided by the source of origin, since no statistical procedure or modeling was used to change collected values or to create new or revised figures. The intentional killing of a human being by another is the ultimate crime. Its indisputable physical consequences manifested in the form of a dead body also make it the most categorical and calculable. All existing data sources on intentional homicides, both at national and international level, stem from either criminal justice or public health systems. In the former case, data are generated by law enforcement or criminal justice authorities in the process of recording and investigating a crime event. In the latter, data are produced by health authorities certifying the cause of death of an individual. Criminal justice data were collected through UNODC regular collections of crime data from Member States, through publicly available data produced by national government sources and from data compiled by other international and regional agencies, including from Interpol, Eurostat, the Organization of American States and UNICEF. Public health data on homicides were mainly derived from databases on deaths by cause disseminated by the World Health Organization (WHO). The inclusion of recent data was given a higher priority in the selection process than the length of the time series (number of years covered). An analysis of official reports and research literature is regularly carried out to verify homicide data used by government agencies and the scientific community. As a result of the data collection and validation process, in many countries several homicide datasets have become available from different or multiple sources. Therefore, data series have been selected to provide the most appropriate reference counts.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual