Intentional homicides (per 100,000 people) - Country Ranking

Definition: Intentional homicides are estimates of unlawful homicides purposely inflicted as a result of domestic disputes, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, intergang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. Intentional homicide does not include all intentional killing; the difference is usually in the organization of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas killing in armed conflict is usually committed by fairly cohesive groups of up to several hundred members and is thus usually excluded.

Source: UN Office on Drugs and Crime's International Homicide Statistics database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 El Salvador 108.60 2015
2 Iraq 66.10 2007
3 Honduras 63.80 2015
4 Venezuela 57.10 2015
5 Jamaica 43.20 2015
6 Lesotho 38.00 2010
7 Belize 34.40 2014
8 South Africa 34.30 2015
9 St. Kitts and Nevis 33.60 2012
10 Guatemala 31.20 2014
11 Trinidad and Tobago 30.90 2015
12 The Bahamas 29.80 2012
13 Brazil 26.70 2015
14 Colombia 26.50 2015
15 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 25.60 2012
16 St. Lucia 21.60 2012
17 Tuvalu 20.30 2012
18 Guyana 19.40 2015
19 Dominican Republic 17.40 2014
20 Namibia 16.90 2012
21 Mexico 16.30 2015
22 Puerto Rico 15.90 2015
23 Cayman Islands 14.70 2009
24 Dem. Rep. Congo 13.40 2015
25 Central African Republic 13.10 2015
26 Greenland 12.50 2015
27 Bolivia 12.40 2012
28 Côte d'Ivoire 11.80 2015
28 Costa Rica 11.80 2015
28 Uganda 11.80 2014
31 Nicaragua 11.50 2012
32 Panama 11.40 2015
33 Russia 11.30 2015
34 Antigua and Barbuda 11.20 2012
35 Barbados 10.90 2015
36 Mali 10.80 2015
37 Suriname 10.70 2015
38 Botswana 10.50 2011
39 Papua New Guinea 10.40 2010
40 Mauritania 10.20 2015
41 Congo 10.10 2015
42 Haiti 10.00 2012
43 Nigeria 9.80 2015
43 Philippines 9.80 2014
45 Angola 9.60 2015
46 Paraguay 9.30 2015
47 Guinea-Bissau 9.20 2015
48 Togo 9.10 2015
48 The Gambia 9.10 2015
50 Chad 9.00 2015
50 Gabon 9.00 2015
52 Cabo Verde 8.80 2015
53 Guinea 8.50 2015
54 Uruguay 8.40 2015
54 Dominica 8.40 2011
56 Ecuador 8.20 2014
56 Swaziland 8.20 2013
58 Qatar 8.10 2015
59 Pakistan 7.80 2012
60 Comoros 7.60 2015
60 Ethiopia 7.60 2015
62 Kiribati 7.50 2012
62 Grenada 7.50 2014
62 Eritrea 7.50 2015
65 Senegal 7.30 2015
66 Mongolia 7.20 2015
66 Peru 7.20 2015
68 Tanzania 7.00 2015
69 Lao PDR 6.90 2015
70 Djibouti 6.80 2015
71 Yemen 6.70 2013
71 Zimbabwe 6.70 2012
73 Afghanistan 6.60 2012
74 Argentina 6.50 2015
74 Sudan 6.50 2015
76 Benin 6.00 2015
76 Lithuania 6.00 2015
78 Cameroon 5.90 2015
79 Kenya 5.80 2015
79 Zambia 5.80 2010
81 Somalia 5.60 2015
82 Kyrgyz Republic 5.10 2015
83 United States 4.90 2015
84 Kazakhstan 4.80 2015
85 Cuba 4.70 2011
86 Rwanda 4.50 2013
86 Niger 4.50 2012
88 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 4.40 2015
88 Ukraine 4.40 2010
90 Turkey 4.30 2012
91 Turkmenistan 4.20 2015
92 Iran 4.10 2015
92 Latvia 4.10 2015
94 Burundi 4.00 2014
95 Lebanon 3.90 2015
96 Solomon Islands 3.80 2008
97 Timor-Leste 3.70 2010
98 Chile 3.60 2014
98 Belarus 3.60 2014
100 Thailand 3.50 2015
101 Mozambique 3.40 2011
101 São Tomé and Principe 3.40 2011
103 New Caledonia 3.30 2009
104 Moldova 3.20 2014
104 Equatorial Guinea 3.20 2015
104 Egypt 3.20 2011
104 India 3.20 2014
104 Liberia 3.20 2012
104 Samoa 3.20 2013
104 Estonia 3.20 2015
111 Tunisia 3.10 2012
111 Palau 3.10 2012
113 Fiji 3.00 2012
113 Uzbekistan 3.00 2015
115 Sri Lanka 2.90 2013
116 Georgia 2.70 2014
116 Montenegro 2.70 2015
116 Bhutan 2.70 2014
116 Mauritius 2.70 2011
120 Bangladesh 2.50 2015
120 Libya 2.50 2015
120 Armenia 2.50 2015
120 Azerbaijan 2.50 2014
124 Myanmar 2.40 2015
125 Albania 2.30 2015
125 Nepal 2.30 2014
127 Syrian Arab Republic 2.20 2010
128 Seychelles 2.10 2010
128 Vanuatu 2.10 2015
130 Jordan 2.00 2013
131 Sierra Leone 1.90 2015
131 Belgium 1.90 2015
131 Malaysia 1.90 2010
134 Cambodia 1.80 2011
134 Bulgaria 1.80 2015
134 Malawi 1.80 2012
134 Kuwait 1.80 2012
138 Ghana 1.70 2011
138 Canada 1.70 2015
140 Finland 1.60 2015
140 Macedonia 1.60 2014
140 France 1.60 2015
143 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.50 2015
143 Vietnam 1.50 2011
143 Hungary 1.50 2014
143 Romania 1.50 2015
143 Saudi Arabia 1.50 2015
148 Tajikistan 1.40 2013
148 Algeria 1.40 2015
148 Israel 1.40 2015
151 Cyprus 1.30 2015
151 Nauru 1.30 2012
153 Slovenia 1.20 2015
154 Sweden 1.10 2015
154 Serbia 1.10 2015
154 Oman 1.10 2011
157 Portugal 1.00 2015
157 Australia 1.00 2015
157 Malta 1.00 2015
157 Denmark 1.00 2015
157 Morocco 1.00 2014
157 Tonga 1.00 2012
163 New Zealand 0.90 2014
163 United Kingdom 0.90 2014
163 Slovak Republic 0.90 2015
163 Iceland 0.90 2015
163 Croatia 0.90 2015
168 Germany 0.80 2015
168 Italy 0.80 2015
168 Greece 0.80 2015
171 Burkina Faso 0.70 2012
171 Switzerland 0.70 2015
171 China 0.70 2014
171 Luxembourg 0.70 2014
171 Spain 0.70 2015
171 Poland 0.70 2015
171 Korea 0.70 2014
171 Czech Republic 0.70 2015
171 United Arab Emirates 0.70 2015
180 Madagascar 0.60 2010
180 Netherlands 0.60 2015
180 Norway 0.60 2014
180 Ireland 0.60 2015
184 Indonesia 0.50 2014
184 Austria 0.50 2015
184 Brunei 0.50 2013
184 Bahrain 0.50 2011
188 Japan 0.30 2014
188 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.30 2015
190 Singapore 0.20 2015
190 Macao SAR, China 0.20 2015
192 Andorra 0.00 2015
192 Monaco 0.00 2008
192 San Marino 0.00 2011
192 Liechtenstein 0.00 2015

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: In some regions, organized crime, drug trafficking and the violent cultures of youth gangs are predominantly responsible for the high levels of homicide. There has been a sharp increase in homicides in some countries, particularly in Central America, are making the activities of organized crime and drug trafficking more visible. Greater use of firearms is often associated with the illicit activities of organized criminal groups, which are often linked to drug trafficking. Knowledge of the patterns and causes of violent crime are crucial to forming preventive strategies. Young males are the group most affected by violent crime in all regions, particularly in the Americas. Yet women of all ages are the victims of intimate partner and family-related violence in all regions and countries. Indeed, in many of them, it is within the home where a woman is most likely to be killed. Data on intentional homicides are from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), which uses a variety of national and international sources on homicides - primarily criminal justice sources as well as public health data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization - and the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems to present accurate and comparable statistics. The UNODC defines homicide as "unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person." This definition excludes deaths arising from armed conflict.

Limitations and Exceptions: Statistics reported to the United Nations in the context of its various surveys on crime levels and criminal justice trends are incidents of victimization that have been reported to the authorities in any given country. That means that this data is subject to the problems of accuracy of all official crime data. The survey results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The degree to which different societies apportion the level of culpability to acts resulting in death is also subject to variation. Consequently, the comparison between countries and regions of "intentional homicide", or unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person, is also a comparison of the extent to which different countries deem that a killing be classified as such, as well as the capacity of their legal systems to record it. Caution should therefore be applied when evaluating and comparing homicide data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The definitions used to produce data are in line with the homicide definition used in the UNODC Homicide Statistics dataset. On the basis of these selection criteria and subject to data availability, a long and continuous time series including recent data on homicide counts and rates has been identified or created at country level. Data included in the dataset correspond to the original value provided by the source of origin, since no statistical procedure or modeling was used to change collected values or to create new or revised figures. The intentional killing of a human being by another is the ultimate crime. Its indisputable physical consequences manifested in the form of a dead body also make it the most categorical and calculable. All existing data sources on intentional homicides, both at national and international level, stem from either criminal justice or public health systems. In the former case, data are generated by law enforcement or criminal justice authorities in the process of recording and investigating a crime event. In the latter, data are produced by health authorities certifying the cause of death of an individual. Criminal justice data were collected through UNODC regular collections of crime data from Member States, through publicly available data produced by national government sources and from data compiled by other international and regional agencies, including from Interpol, Eurostat, the Organization of American States and UNICEF. Public health data on homicides were mainly derived from databases on deaths by cause disseminated by the World Health Organization (WHO). The inclusion of recent data was given a higher priority in the selection process than the length of the time series (number of years covered). An analysis of official reports and research literature is regularly carried out to verify homicide data used by government agencies and the scientific community. As a result of the data collection and validation process, in many countries several homicide datasets have become available from different or multiple sources. Therefore, data series have been selected to provide the most appropriate reference counts.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual