Medium and high-tech exports (% manufactured exports)

Definition: Share of medium and high-tech manufactured exports in total manufactured exports.

Description: The map below shows how Medium and high-tech exports (% manufactured exports) varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The darker the shade, the higher the value. The country with the highest value in the world is Congo, with a value of 0.94. The country with the lowest value in the world is Angola, with a value of 0.00.

Source: United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Competitive Industrial Performance (CIP) database

See also: Country ranking, Time series comparison

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Development Relevance: Industrial development generally entails a structural transition from resource-based and low technology activities to medium and high-tech industry (MHT) activities. A modern, highly complex production structure offers better opportunities for skills development and technological innovation. MHT activities are also the high value addition industries of manufacturing with higher technological intensity and labor productivity. Increasing the share of MHT sectors also reflects the impact of innovation.

Limitations and Exceptions: Missing values at country level are imputed based on the methodology from Competitive Industrial Performance Report (UNIDO, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The data from UN COMTRADE is downloaded in SITC Revision 3, 3-digit, by reporting country, year, partner code, commodity and flow (export and re-export). SITC medium technology: 266, 267, 512, 513, 533, 553, 554, 562, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575, 579, 581, 582, 583, 591, 593, 597, 598, 653, 671, 672, 678, 711, 712,713, 714, 721, 722, 723, 724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 731, 733, 735, 737, 741, 742, 743, 744, 745, 746, 747, 748, 749, 761, 762, 763, 772, 773, 775, 778, 781, 782, 783, 784, 785, 786, 791, 793, 811, 812, 813, 872, 873, 882, 884, 885; SITC high technology: 525, 541, 542, 716, 718, 751, 752, 759, 764, 771, 774, 776, 792, 871, 874, 881, 891. Net-exports are calculated as exports minus re-exports. Manufactured exports, is the sum of the four categories resource-based exports, low-tech exports, medium tech exports and high-tech exports; and medium-high technology exports, is the sum of medium tech exports and high-tech exports. The world value of manufacturing exports is the sum of all manufacturing net exports. For additional information please see Table B.2.1 in Appendix B of UNIDO (2017): http://stat.unido.org/content/publications/volume-i%252c-competitive-industrial-performance-report-2016

Periodicity: Annual