Fertility rate, total (births per woman) - Country Ranking - Africa

Definition: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with age-specific fertility rates of the specified year.

Source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Popu

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Niger 7.00 2017
2 Somalia 6.17 2017
3 Dem. Rep. Congo 6.02 2017
4 Mali 5.97 2017
5 Chad 5.85 2017
6 Angola 5.60 2017
7 Burundi 5.50 2017
8 Nigeria 5.46 2017
9 The Gambia 5.28 2017
10 Burkina Faso 5.27 2017
11 Uganda 5.10 2017
12 Tanzania 4.95 2017
13 Mozambique 4.92 2017
14 Benin 4.91 2017
15 Central African Republic 4.80 2017
16 Guinea 4.78 2017
17 Zambia 4.72 2017
18 Côte d'Ivoire 4.70 2017
19 Senegal 4.70 2017
20 Cameroon 4.64 2017
21 Mauritania 4.62 2017
22 Equatorial Guinea 4.60 2017
23 Guinea-Bissau 4.55 2017
24 Congo 4.48 2017
25 Sudan 4.47 2017
26 Liberia 4.39 2017
27 Togo 4.38 2017
28 São Tomé and Principe 4.37 2017
29 Sierra Leone 4.36 2017
30 Ethiopia 4.35 2017
31 Malawi 4.30 2017
32 Comoros 4.28 2017
33 Madagascar 4.13 2017
34 Eritrea 4.11 2017
35 Rwanda 4.09 2017
36 Gabon 4.01 2017
37 Ghana 3.93 2017
38 Zimbabwe 3.71 2017
39 Seychelles 3.63 2017
40 Kenya 3.57 2017
41 Namibia 3.45 2017
42 Egypt 3.37 2017
43 Lesotho 3.17 2017
44 Algeria 3.05 2017
45 Eswatini 3.02 2017
46 Botswana 2.91 2017
47 Djibouti 2.79 2017
48 Morocco 2.45 2017
49 South Africa 2.43 2017
50 Cabo Verde 2.31 2017
51 Libya 2.28 2017
52 Tunisia 2.22 2017
53 Mauritius 1.44 2017

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Development Relevance: Reproductive health is a state of physical and mental well-being in relation to the reproductive system and its functions and processes. Means of achieving reproductive health include education and services during pregnancy and childbirth, safe and effective contraception, and prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death and disability among women of reproductive age in developing countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Total fertility rates are based on data on registered live births from vital registration systems or, in the absence of such systems, from censuses or sample surveys. The estimated rates are generally considered reliable measures of fertility in the recent past. Where no empirical information on age-specific fertility rates is available, a model is used to estimate the share of births to adolescents. For countries without vital registration systems fertility rates are generally based on extrapolations from trends observed in censuses or surveys from earlier years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Relevance to gender indicator: it can indicate the status of women within households and a woman’s decision about the number and spacing of children.